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Synchronize Mosaic Dataset

Summary

Keeps your mosaic dataset up to date. In addition to syncing data, you can update overviews if the underlying imagery has been changed, generate new overviews and cache, and restore the original configuration of mosaic dataset items. You can also remove paths to source data with this tool. To repair paths, you need to use the Repair Mosaic Dataset Paths tool.

Synchronization is a one-way operation: changes in the source data can be synchronized to the mosaic dataset’s attribute table, thereby updating the mosaic dataset's attribute table. Changes in the mosaic dataset's attribute table will not affect the source data.

Caution:

Changes made with the synchronization cannot be undone. You may want to create a backup copy if you've made modifications to your mosaic data that could be overwritten.

Usage

  • You can use a selection set with this tool to limit the raster items that are updated. When there is a selection or query, only those items will be processed.

  • The synchronization can add new items, update existing items, or remove items.

  • Stale items refer to source rasters that have been changed since the mosaic dataset has been created or the last time the mosaic dataset was synchronized. For instance, the georeferencing may have been updated or the pyramids may have been built.

  • Since the raster items are reconstructed, any modifications made to these items since the last time they were built would be lost, such as editing functions or content in the attribute table.

  • If you choose to remove items that have broken data sources, make sure all your network connections are working properly—this tool will remove any items that cannot be accessed.

  • This tool can also build pyramids and calculate statistics on the source rasters as well as create thumbnails and raster cache for the raster items.

  • This tool is particularly useful for keeping mosaic datasets up to date. If new raster datasets have been added to the workspaces that this mosaic dataset accesses, the new raster datasets can be added to the mosaic dataset. Mosaic datasets that are populated using tables that reside in an externally managed database can also be updated with this tool.

  • Once the synchronization has completed, the operations listed in Mosaic Dataset Options will take place.

  • To use the Refresh Aggregate Information parameter, uncheck the Update Existing Items parameter. For multidimensional mosaic datasets, this parameter refreshes the multidimensional properties of the mosaic based on what it in the attribute table of the mosaic dataset.

  • Database fragmentation and frequent data manipulation can dramatically increase the size of your mosaic dataset. If your database size is inflated due to constant transactions, run the Compact tool.

Syntax

SynchronizeMosaicDataset_management (in_mosaic_dataset, {where_clause}, {new_items}, {sync_only_stale}, {update_cellsize_ranges}, {update_boundary}, {update_overviews}, {build_pyramids}, {calculate_statistics}, {build_thumbnails}, {build_item_cache}, {rebuild_raster}, {update_fields}, {fields_to_update}, {existing_items}, {broken_items}, {skip_existing_items}, {refresh_aggregate_info}, estimate_statistics)
ParameterExplanationData Type
in_mosaic_dataset

The mosaic dataset you want to synchronize.

Mosaic Layer
where_clause
(Optional)

An SQL expression to select which mosaic dataset items will be synchronized. If an expression is not provided, all dataset items will be updated.

SQL Expression
new_items
(Optional)

Choose whether to include new items when synchronizing and specify which options to use to update the new items.

If you choose to use this option, the item's workspace will be searched for new data. When data is added to the mosaic dataset, it will use the same raster type as the other items in the same workspace.

  • NO_NEW_ITEMSNew items will not be added when synchronizing. This is the default.
  • UPDATE_WITH_NEW_ITEMSUpdate the mosaic dataset with new items in the workspaces. Optionally, you can modify the existing items using the OVERWRITE_EXISTING_ITEMS keyword in the skip_existing_items parameter.
Boolean
sync_only_stale
(Optional)

Choose whether to update mosaic dataset items where the underlying raster datasets have been modified due to synchronizing. For example, building pyramids or updating the georeferencing of rasters will affect how the overviews are rendered.

  • SYNC_STALEOnly update the items where the underlying raster datasets have been modified. This is the default.
  • SYNC_ALLUpdate all of the items in the mosaic dataset.
Boolean
update_cellsize_ranges
(Optional)

Choose whether to update the cell size ranges.

  • UPDATE_CELL_SIZESRecalculate the cell size ranges for the entire mosaic dataset but only for items that have an invalid visibility. This is the default.
  • NO_CELL_SIZES Do not recalculate the cell size ranges.
Boolean
update_boundary
(Optional)

Choose whether to update the boundary.

  • UPDATE_BOUNDARY The boundary will be rebuilt after the mosaic dataset is synchronized. Use this option if syncing will change the extent of the mosaic dataset. This is the default.
  • NO_BOUNDARY The boundary will not be rebuilt.
Boolean
update_overviews
(Optional)

Choose whether to update any obsolete overviews. The overview becomes obsolete if any underlying rasters have been modified due to synchronizing.

  • NO_OVERVIEWS The overviews will not be rebuilt. This is the default.
  • UPDATE_OVERVIEWS The affected overviews will be rebuilt after the mosaic dataset is synchronized.
Boolean
build_pyramids
(Optional)

Choose whether to build pyramids for the specified mosaic dataset items. Pyramids can be built for each raster item in the mosaic dataset. Pyramids can improve the speed at which each raster is displayed.

  • NO_PYRAMIDSPyramids will not be generated. This is the default.
  • BUILD_PYRAMIDS Pyramids will be generated for all the raster items that were updated due to synchronization.

Pyramids will not be built for items that were added due to synchronization.

Boolean
calculate_statistics
(Optional)

Choose whether to calculate statistics for the specified mosaic dataset items. Statistics are required for your mosaic dataset when performing certain tasks, such as applying a contrast stretch.

  • NO_STATISTICSStatistics will not be calculated. This is the default.
  • CALCULATE_STATISTICS Statistics will be calculated for the mosaic dataset items that were updated due to synchronization.

Statistics will not be calculated for items that were added due to synchronization.

Boolean
build_thumbnails
(Optional)

Choose whether to build thumbnails for the specified mosaic dataset items. Thumbnails are small, highly resampled images that can be created for each raster item in the mosaic definition. Thumbnails can be accessed when the mosaic dataset is accessed as an image service and will display as part of the item description.

  • NO_THUMBNAILSNo thumbnails will be created or updated. This is the default.
  • BUILD_THUMBNAILSThumbnails will be generated or updated for all the raster items that were updated due to synchronization.

Thumbnails will not be built for items that were added due to synchronization.

Boolean
build_item_cache
(Optional)

Choose whether to build a cache for the specified mosaic dataset items. A cache can be created when you've added data using the LAS, Terrain, or LAS Dataset raster types. Items can also be cached using the Cached Raster function.

  • NO_ITEM_CACHENo cache will be created or updated. This is the default.
  • BUILD_ITEM_CACHEThe cache will be generated or updated for all the raster items that were updated due to synchronization.

The cache will not be built for items that were added due to synchronization.

Boolean
rebuild_raster
(Optional)

Choose whether to rebuild the raster items from the data source using the original raster type.

  • REBUILD_RASTERRebuild the rasters from the source data. You will lose any changes that you have performed on selected items in the mosaic dataset. This is the default.
  • NO_RASTERDo not rebuild the rasters. Other primary fields are reset if the update_fields parameter is set to UPDATE_FIELDS.

This will only affect items that will be synchronized. This parameter is not applicable if the new_items parameter has been set to UPDATE_WITH_NEW_ITEMS.

Boolean
update_fields
(Optional)

Choose whether to update the fields in the table. This will only affect items that will be synchronized.

  • UPDATE_FIELDSUpdate the fields from the source files. This is the default.
  • NO_FIELDSDo not reset the fields within the table from the source.

If you choose to update the fields, you can control which fields are updated by specifying them in the fields_to_update parameter. If you made edits to some of the fields, you may want to remove them in the fields_to_update parameter.

Boolean
fields_to_update
[field_to_update,...]
(Optional)

Specify which fields should be updated.

This parameter is only valid if the option for the update_fields parameter is set to UPDATE_FIELDS.

If you made edits to some of the fields, you may want to make sure they are not listed.

The RASTER field can be refreshed, even if REBUILD_RASTER is not specified. However, if REBUILD_RASTER is specified, the RASTER field is rebuilt, even if this field is not specified.

String
existing_items
(Optional)

Choose whether to update existing items in your mosaic dataset.

If you choose this option, you can then choose which existing parameters to update: sync_only_stale, build_pyramids, calculate_statistics, build_thumbnails, build_item_cache, update_fields, or fields_to_update.

  • UPDATE_EXISTING_ITEMSExisting items will be updated with the parameters you chose to update. This is the default.
  • IGNORE_EXISTING_ITEMSExisting items will not be updated.
Boolean
broken_items
(Optional)

Choose whether to remove any broken links.

Make sure that all your network connections are working properly—this tool will remove any items that cannot be accessed.

  • IGNORE_BROKEN_ITEMSItems that have broken links will not be removed from the mosaic dataset. This is the default.
  • REMOVE_BROKEN_ITEMSItems that have broken links will be removed from the mosaic dataset.
Boolean
skip_existing_items
(Optional)

If UPDATE_WITH_NEW_ITEMS is specified in the new_items parameter, you can also choose whether to skip or update existing mosaic dataset items with the modified files from disk.

  • SKIP_EXISTING_ITEMSWhile adding new mosaic dataset items, the tool will not update existing mosaic dataset items. This is the default.
  • OVERWRITE_EXISTING_ITEMSWhile adding new mosaic dataset items, the tool will update existing mosaic dataset items that correspond to modified files on disk.
Boolean
refresh_aggregate_info
(Optional)

Choose whether to include data that may have been removed from the mosaic dataset.

  • NO_REFRESH_INFOWhen synchronizing, do not include any rasters that may have been removed from the mosaic dataset. This is the default.
  • REFRESH_INFOWhen synchronizing, include rasters that may have been removed from the mosaic dataset. To use the refresh_aggregate_info parameter, the existing_items parameter must be set to IGNORE_EXISTING_ITEMS.
Boolean
estimate_statistics

Choose whether to estimate statistics on the mosaic dataset.

  • NO_STATISTICSWhen synchronizing, do not estimate statistics on the mosaic dataset. This is the default.
  • ESTIMATE_STATISTICSWhen synchronizing, estimate statistics on the mosaic dataset.
Boolean

Code sample

SynchronizeMosaicDataset example 1 (Python window)

This is a Python sample for the SynchronizeMosaicDataset tool.

import arcpy
arcpy.SynchronizeMosaicDataset_management(
    "c:/data/syncmd.gdb/md", "Year>1999", "NO_NEW_ITEMS", "SYNC_STALE",
    "#", "#", "#", "NO_PYRAMIDS", "NO_STATISTICS", "NO_THUMBNAILS", 
    "NO_ITEM_CACHE", "NO_RASTER", "NO_FIELDS", "#", "#")
SynchronizeMosaicDataset example 2 (stand-alone script)

This is a Python script sample for the SynchronizeMosaicDataset tool.

# Synchronize source and add new data

import arcpy
arcpy.env.workspace = "C:/Workspace"

mdname = "syncmd.gdb/mdnew"
query = "#"
updatenew = "UPDATE_WITH_NEW_ITEMS"
syncstale = "SYNC_STALE"
updatecs = "#"
updatebnd = "#"
updateovr = "#"
buildpy = "NO_PYRAMIDS"
calcstats = "NO_STATISTICS"
buildthumb = "NO_THUMBNAILS"
buildcache = "NO_ITEM_CACHE"
updateras = "NO_RASTER"
updatefield = "NO_FIELDS"
fields = "#"

arcpy.SynchronizeMosaicDataset_management(
    mdname, query, updatenew, syncstale, updatecs, updatebnd, 
    updateovr, buildpy, calcstats, buildthumb, buildcache,
    updateras, updatefield, fields)

Licensing information

  • ArcGIS Desktop Basic: No
  • ArcGIS Desktop Standard: Yes
  • ArcGIS Desktop Advanced: Yes