Available with Spatial Analyst license.
The Combine tool takes multiple input rasters and assigns a new value for each unique combination of input values in the output raster. The original cell values from each of the inputs is recorded in the attribute table of the output raster. Additional items are added to the output raster's attribute table—one for each input raster.
The names of the input rasters are respectively assigned to the field names. Each of these fields carries the unique input combination of values from the input rasters that produces the output value. These items retain the parentage that was used to produce the values for the output raster.
For example, suppose you have two input rasters: InRas1 and InRas2. InRas1 has values ranging from 0 to 10, and InRas2 has values ranging from 0 to 21. If you combine the two input rasters using the Combine tool, the output attribute table could appear something like the following: