# Cos

## Summary

Calculates the cosine of cells in a raster.

## Usage

• In mathematics, all Trigonometric functions have a defined range of valid input values, called the domain. The output values from each function also has a defined range. For this tool

• The Domain is : -∞ < [in_value] < ∞

• The Range is : -1 ≤ [out_value] ≤ 1

Note that here -∞ and ∞ represent the smallest negative and largest positive value supported by the particular raster format, respectively.

• The input values for this tool are interpreted to be in radians. If the input you wish to use is in degrees, the values must first be divided by the radians-to-degrees conversion factor of 180/pi, or approximately 57.296.

For further assistance, a procedure to follow and some examples of converting input values in degrees to radians are available.

• The output values from this tool are interpreted as unitless.

• Output values are always floating point, regardless of the input data type.

• Due to the range of values, applying a linear stretch renderer can be useful to better see the results.

• See Analysis environments and Spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply to this tool.

## Syntax

`Cos (in_raster_or_constant)`
 Parameter Explanation Data Type in_raster_or_constant The input for which to calculate the cosine values.In order to use a number as an input for this parameter, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. Raster Layer; Constant

#### Return Value

 Name Explanation Data Type out_raster The output raster.The values are the cosine of the input values. Raster

## Code sample

Cos example 1 (Python window)

This example calculates the cosine of the values in the input Grid raster.

``````import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outCos = Cos("degs")
outCos.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcos")``````
Cos example 2 (stand-alone script)

This example calculates the cosine of the values in the input Grid raster and outputs a TIFF raster.

``````# Name: Cos_Ex_02.py
# Description: Calculates the cosine of cells in a raster
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inRaster = "degs"

# Execute Cos
outCos = Cos(inRaster)

# Save the output
outCos.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcos.tif")``````

## Licensing information

• ArcGIS Desktop Basic: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst
• ArcGIS Desktop Standard: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst
• ArcGIS Desktop Advanced: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst