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Divide

Available with Spatial Analyst license.

Available with Image Analyst license.

Available with 3D Analyst license.

Summary

Divides the values of two rasters on a cell-by-cell basis.

Illustration

Divide illustration
OutRas = Divide (InRas1, InRas2)

Usage

  • The order of inputs is relevant for this tool.

  • When a number is divided by zero, the output result is NoData.

  • The data types of the inputs to determine the data type of the output:

    • If both inputs are integers, an integer division is performed, and the output result is an integer. For example, if 3 is divided by 2, the output is 1.
    • If either input is floating-point, a floating-point division is performed, and the output result is a floating-point value. For example, if 3 is divided by 2.0, the output is 1.5.

  • In Map Algebra, the equivalent operator symbol for this tool is "/" (link).

  • See Analysis environments and Spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply to this tool.

Syntax

Divide (in_raster_or_constant1, in_raster_or_constant2)
ParameterExplanationData Type
in_raster_or_constant1

The input whose values will be divided by the second input.

A number can be used as an input for this parameter, provided a raster is specified for the other parameter. To be able to specify a number for both inputs, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment.

Raster Layer; Constant
in_raster_or_constant2

The input whose values the first input are to be divided by.

A number can be used as an input for this parameter, provided a raster is specified for the other parameter. To be able to specify a number for both inputs, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment.

Raster Layer; Constant

Return Value

NameExplanationData Type
out_raster

The output raster.

The cell values are the quotient of the first input raster (dividend) divided by the second input (divisor).

Raster

Code sample

Divide example 1 (Python window)

This example divides the values of the first input raster by the second.

import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outDivide = Divide("degs", "negs")
outDivide.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outdivide2")
Divide example 2 (stand-alone script)

This example divides the values of the first input raster by the second.

# Name: Divide_Ex_02.py
# Description: Divides the values of two rasters on a cell-by-cell basis
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inRaster01 = "elevation"
inRaster02 = "landuse"

# Execute Divide
outDivide = Divide(inRaster01, inRaster02)

# Save the output 
outDivide.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outdivide")

Licensing information

  • ArcGIS Desktop Basic: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst or 3D Analyst
  • ArcGIS Desktop Standard: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst or 3D Analyst
  • ArcGIS Desktop Advanced: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst or 3D Analyst

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