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Zonal Geometry as Table

Available with Spatial Analyst license.


Calculates the geometry measures (area, perimeter, thickness, and the characteristics of ellipse) for each zone in a dataset and reports the results as a table.

Learn more about how Zonal Geometry works


Zonal Geometry as Table illustration
0     5.0   14.0      0.5       2.300     2.100     2.338     0.681      60.714
1     5.0   14.0      0.5       1.900     2.100     2.668     0.596     126.061
2     3.0    8.0      0.5       3.167     2.167     1.286     0.743     135.000
4     2.0    6.0      0.5       0.500     1.000     1.128     0.564      90.000


  • A zone is defined as all areas in the input that have the same value. The areas do not have to be contiguous. Both raster and feature can be used for the zone input.

  • If the input zone data is a feature dataset, a cell size must be set either by the Processing cell size or in the Cell Size environment.

  • The calculations for each zone are recorded in the output table.

  • If the Input raster or feature zone data (in_zone_data in Python) has overlapping polygons, the zonal analysis will not be performed for each individual polygon. Since the feature input is converted to a raster, each location can only have one value.

    An alternative method is to process the zonal operation iteratively for each of the polygon zones and collate the results.

  • When specifying the Input raster or feature zone data (in_zone_data in Python), the default zone field will be the first available integer or text field. If no other valid fields exist, the ObjectID field (for example, OID or FID) will be the default.

  • In the output table, the value field always precedes the fields containing the zonal output calculations. The value field contains the values of the zones defined by the zone dataset.

  • The values for the zonal calculations will be floating point.

  • All the results in the output table are presented in map units, except for the ORIENTATION item, which is in degrees in a range of 0 to 180. The orientation is defined as an angle between the x-axis and the major axis of the ellipse. The values of the orientation angle increase counterclockwise, starting at 0 in the east (horizontal, to the right) and going through 90 when the major axis is vertical.

  • If a particular zone consists of only one cell or if the zone is a single square block of cells, the orientation of the ellipse (which, in this case, is a circle) is set to 90 degrees.

  • See Analysis environments and Spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply to this tool.


ZonalGeometryAsTable (in_zone_data, zone_field, out_table, {processing_cell_size})
ParameterExplanationData Type

Dataset that defines the zones.

The zones can be defined by an integer raster or a feature layer.

Raster Layer; Feature Layer

Field that holds the values that define each zone.

It must be an integer field of the zone dataset.


Output table that will contain the summary of the values in each zone.

The format of the table is determined by the output location and path. By default, the output will be a geodatabase table. If the path is not in a geodatabase, the format is determined by the extension. If the extension is .dbf, it will be in dBASE format. If no extension is specified, the output will be an INFO table.


The processing cell size for the zonal operation.

This is the value in the environment if specifically set. If the environment is not set, the default for the cell size is determined by the type of the zone data as follows:

  • If the zone dataset is a raster, the cell size is the same as the zone raster.
  • If the zone dataset is a feature, the cell size is the shorter of the width or height of the extent of the zone feature dataset in the output spatial reference, divided by 250.

Analysis Cell Size

Code sample

ZonalGeometryAsTable example 1 (Python window)

This example determines the geometry measures for each zone defined by the input polygon shapefile.

import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outZonalGeometryAsTable = ZonalGeometryAsTable("zones.shp", "Classes", "zonalgeomout", 0.2)
ZonalGeometryAsTable example 2 (stand-alone script)

This example determines the geometry measures for each zone defined by the input polygon shapefile.

# Name:
# Description:Calculates for each zone in a dataset the specified geometry 
#   measure (area, perimeter,  thickness, or the characteristics 
#   of ellipse) and reports the results as a table.
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inZoneData = "zones.shp"
zoneField = "Classes"
outTable = "zonalgeomout02.dbf"
processingCellSize = 0.2

# Execute ZonalGeometryAsTable
outZonalGeometryAsTable = ZonalGeometryAsTable(inZoneData, zoneField, "AREA", cellSize)

Licensing information

  • ArcGIS Desktop Basic: Requires Spatial Analyst
  • ArcGIS Desktop Standard: Requires Spatial Analyst
  • ArcGIS Desktop Advanced: Requires Spatial Analyst

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