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SpatialReference

Zusammenfassung

Each part of the spatial reference has a number of properties (especially the coordinate system) that defines what map projection options are used to define horizontal coordinates.

Auswertung

A SpatialReference object can also be accessed from existing datasets using the Describe spatialReference property.

dataset = "c:/data/landbase.gdb/Wetlands"
spatial_ref = arcpy.Describe(dataset).spatialReference
Hinweis:

Which spatial reference properties are available depends on the coordinate system used. In the properties list below, those properties only available with a Projected Coordinate system are denoted with a 1; properties available only with a Geographic Coordinate system are denoted with a 2.

Syntax

 SpatialReference  ({item}, {vcs})
ParameterErklärungDatentyp
item

The coordinate system to be used to create the SpatialReference. Can be set using a projection file, name, factory code, or well-known text (WKT) format. See examples below.

  • Using a projection file (.prj)
    sr = arcpy.SpatialReference("c:/coordsystems/NAD 1983.prj")
  • Using the name of the coordinate system
    sr = arcpy.SpatialReference("Hawaii Albers Equal Area Conic")
  • Using a coordinate system's factory code (or authority code)
    # 32145 is the code for: 
    #  NAD 1983 StatePlane Vermont FIPS 4400 (Meters)
    sr = arcpy.SpatialReference(32145)
  • Using a well-known text string representation
    # String below is representation for the 
    # Geographic Coordinate system "WGS 1984" (factory code=4326)
    wkt = "GEOGCS['GCS_WGS_1984',DATUM['D_WGS_1984',SPHEROID['WGS_1984',6378137.0,298.257223563]],\
                   PRIMEM['Greenwich',0.0],UNIT['Degree',0.0174532925199433]];\
                   -400 -400 1000000000;-100000 10000;-100000 10000;8.98315284119522E-09;\
                   0.001;0.001;IsHighPrecision"
    sr = arcpy.SpatialReference()
    sr.loadFromString(wkt)

For more information on coordinate system names and factory codes, see geographic_coordinate_systems.pdf and projected_coordinate_systems.pdf files.

For more information, see Using the spatial reference class.

Variant
vcs

The vertical coordinate system (VCS). The VCS defines information about the Z coordinates. Can be set using a name, factory code, or well-known text (WKT) format. See examples below.

  • Using names
    sr = arcpy.SpatialReference("Hawaii Albers Equal Area Conic", "MSL (Height)")
  • Using factory codes
    # Spatial Reference factory code of 32145 is : NAD 1983 StatePlane Vermont FIPS 4400 (Meters)
    # Spatial Reference factory code of 5714 is : Mean Sea Level (Height)
    
    sr = arcpy.SpatialReference(32145, 5714)
  • Using a well-known text string representation. Note that the vcs argument is not used, and the VCS is defined in the VERTCS section of the WKT.
    # String below is representation for the 
    # Geographic Coordinate system "WGS 1984" (factory code=4326), 
    #   with a vertical coordinate system "WGS 1984" (factory code=115700)
    
    wkt = "GEOGCS['GCS_WGS_1984',DATUM['D_WGS_1984',SPHEROID['WGS_1984',6378137.0,298.257223563]],\
                   PRIMEM['Greenwich',0.0],UNIT['Degree',0.0174532925199433]],\
                   VERTCS['WGS_1984',DATUM['D_WGS_1984',SPHEROID['WGS_1984',6378137.0,298.257223563]],\
                   PARAMETER['Vertical_Shift',0.0],PARAMETER['Direction',1.0],UNIT['Meter',1.0]];\
                   -400 -400 1000000000;-100000 10000;-100000 10000;8.98315284119522E-09;\
                   0.001;0.001;IsHighPrecision"
    
    sr = arcpy.SpatialReference()
    sr.loadFromString(wkt)
Variant

Eigenschaften

EigenschaftErklärungDatentyp
GCS
(Nur lesen)

A projected coordinate system returns a SpatialReference object for the geographic coordinate system it is based on. A geographic coordinate system returns the same SpatialReference.

SpatialReference
MDomain
(Nur lesen)

The extent of the measure domain.

String
MFalseOriginAndUnits
(Nur lesen)

The measure false origin and units.

String
MResolution
(Lesen und schreiben)

The measure resolution.

Double
MTolerance
(Lesen und schreiben)

The measure tolerance.

Double
VCS
(Nur lesen)

If the coordinate system has a vertical coordinate system, it returns a VCS object for the vertical coordinate system it is based on.

Object
XYResolution
(Lesen und schreiben)

The xy resolution.

Double
XYTolerance
(Lesen und schreiben)

The xy tolerance.

Double
ZDomain
(Nur lesen)

The extent of the z domain.

String
ZFalseOriginAndUnits
(Nur lesen)

The z false origin and units.

String
ZResolution
(Lesen und schreiben)

The z resolution property.

Double
ZTolerance
(Lesen und schreiben)

The z-tolerance property.

Double
abbreviation
(Lesen und schreiben)

The abbreviated name of the spatial reference.

String
alias
(Lesen und schreiben)

The alias of the spatial reference.

String
domain
(Nur lesen)

The extent of the xy domain.

String
factoryCode
(Lesen und schreiben)

The factory code or well-known ID (WKID) of the spatial reference.

Integer
falseOriginAndUnits
(Nur lesen)

The false origin and units.

String
hasMPrecision
(Nur lesen)

Indicates whether m-value precision information has been defined.

Boolean
hasXYPrecision
(Nur lesen)

Indicates whether xy precision information has been defined.

Boolean
hasZPrecision
(Nur lesen)

Indicates whether z-value precision information has been defined.

Boolean
isHighPrecision
(Lesen und schreiben)

Indicates whether the spatial reference has high precision set.

Boolean
name
(Lesen und schreiben)

The name of the spatial reference.

String
remarks
(Lesen und schreiben)

The comment string of the spatial reference.

String
type
(Lesen und schreiben)

The type of the spatial reference.

  • Geographic—A geographic coordinate system.
  • Projected— A projected coordinate system.
String
usage
(Nur lesen)

The usage notes.

String
PCSCode
(Lesen und schreiben)

The projected coordinate system code.1

Integer
PCSName
(Lesen und schreiben)

The projected coordinate system name.1

String
azimuth
(Lesen und schreiben)

The azimuth of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
centralMeridian
(Lesen und schreiben)

The central meridian of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
centralMeridianInDegrees
(Lesen und schreiben)

The central meridian (Lambda0) of a projected coordinate system in degrees.1

Double
centralParallel
(Lesen und schreiben)

The central parallel of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
classification
(Nur lesen)

The classification of a map projection.1

String
falseEasting
(Lesen und schreiben)

The false easting of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
falseNorthing
(Lesen und schreiben)

The false northing of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
latitudeOf1st
(Lesen und schreiben)

The latitude of the first point of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
latitudeOf2nd
(Lesen und schreiben)

The latitude of the second point of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
latitudeOfOrigin
(Lesen und schreiben)

The latitude of origin of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
linearUnitCode
(Lesen und schreiben)

The linear unit code.1

Integer
linearUnitName
(Lesen und schreiben)

The linear unit name.1

String
longitude
(Lesen und schreiben)

The longitude value of this prime meridian.1

Double
longitudeOf1st
(Lesen und schreiben)

The longitude of the first point of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
longitudeOf2nd
(Lesen und schreiben)

The longitude of the second point of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
longitudeOfOrigin
(Lesen und schreiben)

The longitude of origin of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
metersPerUnit
(Nur lesen)

The meters per linear unit.1

Double
projectionCode
(Lesen und schreiben)

The projection code.1

Integer
projectionName
(Lesen und schreiben)

The projection name.1

String
scaleFactor
(Lesen und schreiben)

The scale factor of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
standardParallel1
(Lesen und schreiben)

The first parallel of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
standardParallel2
(Lesen und schreiben)

The second parallel of a projected coordinate system.1

Double
GCSCode
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Code des geographischen Koordinatensystems.2

Integer
GCSName
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Name des geographischen Koordinatensystems.2

String
angularUnitCode
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Code der Winkeleinheit.2

Integer
angularUnitName
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Name der Winkeleinheit.2

String
datumCode
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Code des Datums.2

Integer
datumName
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Name des Datums.2

String
Abplattung
(Lesen und schreiben)

Das Abflachungsverhältnis dieses Sphäroids.2

Double
Längengrad
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Längengradwert für diesen Nullmeridian.2

Double
primeMeridianCode
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Code des Nullmeridians.2

Integer
primeMeridianName
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Name des Nullmeridians.2

String
radiansPerUnit
(Nur lesen)

Radianten pro Winkeleinheit.2

Double
semiMajorAxis
(Lesen und schreiben)

Die Länge der großen Hauptachse dieses Sphäroids.2

Double
semiMinorAxis
(Lesen und schreiben)

Die Länge der kleinen Hauptachse dieses Sphäroids.2

Double
spheroidCode
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Code des Sphäroids.2

Integer
spheroidName
(Lesen und schreiben)

Der Name des Sphäroids.2

String

Methodenübersicht

MethodeErklärung
create ()

Creates the spatial reference object using properties.

createFromFile (prj_file)

Creates the spatial reference object from a projection file.

exportToString ()

Exports the object to its string representation.

loadFromString (string)

Restore the object using its string representation. The exportToString method can be used to create a string representation.

setDomain (x_min, x_max, y_min, y_max)

Sets the XY domain.

setFalseOriginAndUnits (false_x, false_y, xy_units)

Sets the XY false origin and units.

setMDomain (m_min, m_max)

Sets the M domain.

setMFalseOriginAndUnits (false_m, m_units)

Sets the M false origin and units.

setZDomain (z_min, z_max)

Sets the Z domain.

setZFalseOriginAndUnits (false_z, z_units)

Sets the Z false origin and units.

Methoden

create ()
createFromFile (prj_file)
ParameterErklärungDatentyp
prj_file

The projection file used to populate the spatial reference object.

String
exportToString ()
Rückgabewert
DatentypErklärung
String

The string representation of the object.

loadFromString (string)
ParameterErklärungDatentyp
string

The string representation of the object.

String
setDomain (x_min, x_max, y_min, y_max)
ParameterErklärungDatentyp
x_min

The minimum x-value.

Double
x_max

The maximum x-value.

Double
y_min

The minimum y-value.

Double
y_max

The maximum y-value.

Double
setFalseOriginAndUnits (false_x, false_y, xy_units)
ParameterErklärungDatentyp
false_x

The false x value.

Double
false_y

The false y value.

Double
xy_units

The xy units.

String
setMDomain (m_min, m_max)
ParameterErklärungDatentyp
m_min

The minimum m-value.

Double
m_max

The maximum m-value.

Double
setMFalseOriginAndUnits (false_m, m_units)
ParameterErklärungDatentyp
false_m

The false m-value.

Double
m_units

The m units.

Double
setZDomain (z_min, z_max)
ParameterErklärungDatentyp
z_min

The minimum z-value.

Double
z_max

The maximum z-value.

Double
setZFalseOriginAndUnits (false_z, z_units)
ParameterErklärungDatentyp
false_z

The false z-value.

Double
z_units

The false z units.

Double

Codebeispiel

SpatialReference example

For each feature class in a workspace, print the name of its spatial reference.

import arcpy

# Set the workspace environment
arcpy.env.workspace = "c:/base/base.gdb"

# Get a list of the feature classes in the input folder
feature_classes = arcpy.ListFeatureClasses()

# Loop through the list
for fc in feature_classes:
    # Create the spatial reference object
    spatial_ref = arcpy.Describe(fc).spatialReference

    # If the spatial reference is unknown
    if spatial_ref.name == "Unknown":
        print("{0} has an unknown spatial reference".format(fc))

    # Otherwise, print out the feature class name and
    # spatial reference
    else:
        print("{0} : {1}".format(fc, spatial_ref.name))

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