# * (Multiplication) operator

## Summary

Multiplies the values of two rasters on a cell-by-cell basis.

## Discussion

When using an operator with a raster input the result will be a raster. However, if all inputs are numbers, then the result is a number.

When multiple operators are used in an expression, they are not necessarily executed in left-to-right order. The operator with the highest precedence value will be executed first. For more information on operator precedence, see operator precedence table. You can use parentheses to control the execution order.

The order of input is irrelevant for this operator.

If both input values are integers, the output values will be integers; otherwise, the output will be floating-point values.

If both inputs are single band rasters, or one of the inputs is a constant, the output will be a single band raster.

If both inputs are multiband rasters, or one of the inputs is a constant, the output will be a multiband raster. The number of bands in each multiband input must be the same.

The operator will perform the operation on each band from one input against the corresponding band from the other input. If one of the inputs is a multiband raster and the other input is a constant, the operator will perform the operation against the constant value for each band in the multiband input.

## Syntax

`in_raster_or_constant1 * in_raster_or_constant2`
 Operand Explanation Data Type in_raster_or_constant1 The input containing the values to be multiplied. If one of the inputs is a raster and the other is a scalar, an output raster is created with each cell in the input raster being multiplied by the scalar. Raster Layer | Constant in_raster_or_constant2 The input containing the values by which the first input will be multiplied.If one of the inputs is a raster and the other is a scalar, an output raster is created with each cell in the input raster being multiplied by the scalar. Raster Layer | Constant

#### Return Value

 Name Explanation Data Type out_raster The output raster object.The cell values are the product of the first input multiplied by the second. Raster

## Code sample

* (Multiplication) example 1 (Python window)

This sample multiplies the values of an input elevation raster by a constant value to convert the elevation values from meters to feet.

``````import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outTimes = Raster("elevation") * 0.3048
outTimes.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outtimes")``````
* (Multiplication) example 2 (stand-alone script)

This sample multiplies the values of an input elevation raster by a constant value to convert the elevation values from meters to feet.

``````# Name: Op_Times_Ex_02.py
# Description: Multiplies the values of two rasters on a cell-by-cell basis.
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inRaster = Raster("elevation")
inConstant = 0.3048

# Execute Times
outTimes = inRaster * inConstant

# Save the output
outTimes.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/timesout")``````