Create Spatial Type (Data Management)


Adds the ST_Geometry SQL type, subtypes, and functions to an Oracle or a PostgreSQL database. This allows you to use the ST_Geometry SQL type to store geometries in a database that does not contain a geodatabase. You can also use this tool to upgrade the existing ST_Geometry type, subtypes, and functions in an Oracle or a PostgreSQL database.



CreateSpatialType(input_database, sde_user_password, {tablespace_name}, {st_shape_library_path})
ParameterExplanationData Type

The input_database is the database connection file (.sde) that connects to the Oracle or PostgreSQL database. You must connect as a database administrator user; in Oracle, you must connect as the sys user.


The password for the sde database user. If the sde user does not exist in the database, it will be created and will use the password you provide. The password policy of the underlying database will be enforced. If the sde user already exists in the database or database cluster, this password must match the existing password.

Encrypted String

For Oracle, you can provide the name for a tablespace to be set as the default tablespace for the sde user. If the tablespace does not already exist, it will be created in the Oracle default storage location. If a tablespace with the specified name already exists, it will be set as the sde user's default.


For Oracle, provide the location on the Oracle server where you placed the st_shape library.


Derived Output

NameExplanationData Type

The updated database.


Code sample

CreateSpatialType example 1 (Python window)

Executes the tool on a Microsoft Windows computer to create or upgrade the ST_Geometry type in an Oracle database named db_ora using an existing connection file. The password for the sde user is specified, a tablespace named sdetbsp is created, and the location of the st_shape file on the Oracle server is specified.

import arcpy
    "D:/connections/connection_to_db_ora.sde", "ed$pwd", "sdetbsp", 
CreateSpatialType example 2 (Python window)

Executes the tool on a Linux computer to create or upgrade the ST_Geometry type in a PostgreSQL database named sp_pg using an existing connection file and the sde user's password is set.

import arcpy
    "/ragsrh/users/connections/connection_to_sp_pg.sde", "$Upass", "sdetbsp", 


This tool does not use any geoprocessing environments.

Licensing information

  • Basic: No
  • Standard: Yes
  • Advanced: Yes

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