Calendar heat charts visualize patterns in temporal data by aggregating incidents into a calendar grid.
A calendar heat chart can be used to visualize how incident patterns fluctuate within a year, or within a week.
In a year view, each row in the calendar grid corresponds to a month, and each column corresponds to a day of the month.
In a week view, each row in the calendar grid corresponds to a day of the week, and each column corresponds to an hour of the day.
Each cell in a calendar heat chart corresponds to the specific calendar unit defined by the intersection of the row and column, and all incidents sharing those two dimensions will be aggregated into the same cell. For example, when visualizing a dataset spanning multiple years into a year grid, all incidents with the dimensions October and 22 will be aggregated into the same cell, regardless of year. Similarly, when visualizing a dataset spanning multiple weeks into a week grid, all incidents with the dimensions Wednesday and 12pm will be aggregated into the same cell.
Calendar heat charts aggregate a Date field into a calendar grid. The calendar grid can be divided into one of two Types: Year by month and day of month, or Week by day of week and hour of day.
The Date field must be of type Date.
By default, a calendar heat chart displays the count of records that took place in each temporal unit. Optionally, a numeric variable can be summarized by choosing a Number field and an Aggregation method. The aggregation method can be one of the following:
- Count—The number of records in each temporal unit
By default, February 29 is not included when drawing a calendar heat chart. To include February 29, check the Include leap day checkbox on the Data tab in the Chart Properties pane.
Titles and description
Charts and axes are given default titles based on the variable names and chart type. These can be edited on the General tab in the Chart Properties pane. You can also provide a chart Description, which is a block of text that appears at the bottom of the chart window.
Grid cells are symbolized using graduated colors that correspond to a count or summarized value taking place in each calendar unit. The color classification Method, number of Classes, and Color scheme can be adjusted on the Data tab in the Chart Properties pane.
Create a calendar heat chart to identify which days of the week and during which times of day most car accidents take place.
- Type—Week by day of week and hour of day