# An overview of the Use Proximity toolset

These tools analyze distance and proximity.

The Use Proximity tools allow you to perform analysis that accounts for either straight-line (Euclidean) or weighted distance. Distance can be weighted by a simple cost (friction) surface, or in ways that account for vertical and horizontal restrictions to movement.

Distance analysis can also be performed with the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension.

The following table lists the available tools and provides a brief description of each.

Tool | Description |

Distance Accumulation | Calculates accumulated distance for each cell to sources, allowing for straight-line distance, cost distance, and true surface distance, as well as vertical and horizontal cost factors. |

Distance Allocation | Calculates distance allocation for each cell to the provided sources based on straight-line distance, cost distance, and true surface distance, as well as vertical and horizontal cost factors. |

Optimal Path As Line | Calculates the optimal path from a source to a destination as a line. |

Optimal Path As Raster | Calculates the optimal path from a source to a destination as a raster. |

Optimal Region Connections | Calculates the optimal connection of paths between two or more input regions. |

Tools of the Use Proximity toolset

In ArcGIS Pro 2.6 and later, the recommended tools for distance analysis are those listed in the table above. In versions earlier than ArcGIS Pro 2.6, distance analysis was performed using other tools; these tools are still available in the Use Proximity (Legacy) toolset.

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