Available with Spatial Analyst license.

Available with Image Analyst license.

## Summary

Calculates the inverse cosine of cells in a raster.

## Illustration

## Usage

In mathematics, all trigonometric functions have a defined range of valid input values, called the domain. The output values from each function also has a defined range. For this tool

The Domain is : -1 ≤ [in_value] ≤ 1

Note that any input value that is outside this domain will receive NoData on the output raster.

The Range is : 0 ≤ [out_value] ≤ pi

The input values to this tool are interpreted as unitless.

Output values are always floating point, regardless of the input data type.

The output values from this tool are in radians. To use degrees instead, the resulting raster must be multiplied by the radians-to-degrees conversion factor of 180/pi, or approximately 57.296.

For further assistance, a procedure to follow and examples of converting output in radians to degrees are available.

If the input is a multiband raster, the output will be a multiband raster. The tool will perform the operation on each band in the input.

See Analysis environments and Spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply to this tool.

## Syntax

ACos(in_raster_or_constant)

Parameter | Explanation | Data Type |

in_raster_or_constant | The input for which to calculate the inverse cosine values. To use a number as an input for this parameter, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. | Raster Layer; Constant |

#### Return Value

Name | Explanation | Data Type |

out_raster | The output raster. The values are the inverse cosine of the input values. | Raster |

## Code sample

This example calculates the inverse cosine of the values in the input Grid raster and outputs a TIFF raster.

```
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outACos = ACos("degs")
outACos.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outacos.tif")
```

This example calculates the inverse cosine of the values in the input Grid raster.

```
# Name: ACos_Ex_02.py
# Description: Calculates the inverse cosine of cells in a raster
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension
# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
# Set local variables
inRaster = "degs"
# Execute ACos
outACos = ACos(inRaster)
# Save the output
outACos.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outacos")
```

## Environments

## Licensing information

- Basic: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst
- Standard: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst
- Advanced: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst