It is through the Symbology class that you can gain access to a feature layer's renderer or a raster layer's colorizer.
The typical workflow is to reference a layer's symbology, make changes, and then apply those changes back to the layer.
It is important to first make sure that a layer supports a renderer or colorizer and to know its type before trying to make updates to it. The built in hasattr function can be used for this purpose.
The following feature layer renderers are currently supported in arcpy.mp: SimpleRenderer, GraduatedColorsRenderer, GraduatedSymbolsRenderer, UnclassedColorsRenderer and UniqueValueRenderer.
The following raster colorizers are supported: RasterClassifyColorizer, RasterStretchColorizer and RasterUniqueValueColorizer.
Note:The supported renderers and colorizers only expose the basic properties. Additional properties are accessible using the CIM. Please review the Python CIM Access help topic for more information as well as a the code sample below.
Gets the colorizer object for a raster layer. The supported types are: RasterClassifyColorizer and RasterUniqueValueColorizer.
Gets the renderer object for a feature layer. The supported types are: GraduatedColorsRenderer, GraduatedSymbolsRenderer, SimpleRenderer, or UniqueValueRenderer.
The updateColorizer method is used to change a raster layer's colorizer.
The updateRenderer method is used to change a layer's renderer.
The supported renderers are as follows:
You can only update from supported colorizer to supported colorizer. For example, you can update a raster classify colorizer to a raster unique value colorizer or vice versa, but you can't update to a raster stretch colorizer, because it is not currently supported.
The supported renderers are as follows:
The SimpleRenderer is the same as the single symbol renderer you see in the application. This name is used to be consistent with the .NET API.
The following script iterates through each feature layer and tests if its symbology supports the renderer property using the hasattr function. Next, if the renderer type is a SimpleRenderer, it will change it to a GraduatedColorsRenderer using the updateRenderer method and then sets its breakCount value to 6. Finally, it applies the symbology back to the layer before saving the results.
import arcpy, os, sys relpath = os.path.dirname(sys.argv) p = arcpy.mp.ArcGISProject(relpath + r'\\Symbol.aprx') m = p.listMaps('Map') for lyr in m.listLayers(): if lyr.isFeatureLayer: sym = lyr.symbology if hasattr(sym, 'renderer'): if sym.renderer.type == 'SimpleRenderer': sym.updateRenderer('GraduatedColorsRenderer') sym.renderer.breakCount = 6 lyr.symbology = sym p.saveACopy(relpath + r"\\SavedOutput.aprx")
The following script first tests if the layer's symbology supports a colorizer property and then confirms if the renderer is a RasterClassifyColorizer. Next is changes the classificationField and breakCount. Finally, it changes ColorRamp to a color ramp named Cyan to Purple.
import arcpy import os import sys relpath = os.path.dirname(sys.argv) p = arcpy.mp.ArcGISProject(relpath + r'\\RasterClassify.aprx') m = p.listMaps('Map') l = m.listLayers('Raster1') sym = l.symbology if hasattr(sym, 'colorizer'): if sym.colorizer.type == 'RasterClassifyColorizer': sym.colorizer.classificationField = 'Value' sym.colorizer.breakCount = 7 sym.colorizer.colorRamp = p.listColorRamps('Cyan to Purple') l.symbology = sym p.saveACopy(relpath + r'\\SavedOutput.aprx')
The following script demonstrates how to use Python CIM access to modify additional symbology settings not exposed in the arcpy.mp API. The script adds a dashed effect to the outline symbol layer for a polygon symbol. The script first gets the layer's CIM definition. Next it gets the layer's first symbol layer which is the outline symbol. If a layer effect is not present it creates one and then modifies the dashed effect. Finally, the CIM changes are pushed back to the layer. For more information on the CIM, please review the Python CIM Access help topic.
p = arcpy.mp.ArcGISProject('current') m = p.listMaps('Symbology') l = m.listLayers('States_SingleSymbol') l_cim = l.getDefinition('V2') #Get the Layer's CIM definition #Symbol Level 1 (Solid Stroke) symLvl1 = l_cim.renderer.symbol.symbol.symbolLayers #If a dashed effect does not exist, create one if len(symLvl1.effects) == 0: newDash = arcpy.cim.CreateCIMObjectFromClassName('CIMGeometricEffectDashes', 'V2') newDash.dashTemplate = [5, 5] symLvl1.effects = [newDash] #If a dashed effects does exist, modify it else: dash = symLvl1.effects dash.dashTemplate = [10, 10] l.setDefinition(l_cim) #Set the Layer's CIM definition