/ (Division) operator

Summary

Divides the values of two rasters on a cell-by-cell basis.

Discussion

When using an operator with a raster input, the result will be a raster. However, if all inputs are numbers, the result is a number.

When multiple operators are used in an expression, they are not necessarily executed in left-to-right order. The operator with the highest precedence value will be executed first. For more information, see the operator precedence table in Working with operators in Map Algebra. You can use parentheses to control the execution order.

The order of the input is relevant for this operator.

When a number is divided by zero, the output result is NoData.

The exact division technique used by this operator depends on the application being used when performing it.

In ArcGIS Pro, the floating-point division of Python 3 is always used for this operator, and the output will always be a floating-point value. For example, if 3 is divided by 2, the output is 1.5.

In ArcMap, the divide operator employs the integer division technique of Python 2, where only the integer quotient is retained. If both inputs are integers, the operator performs an integer division, and the output will be an integer. For example, if 3 is divided by 2, the output is 1, or if -3 is divided by 2, the output is -2. If either input is of floating-point type, the divide operator performs a floating-point division, and the output will be a floating-point value. For example, if 3 is divided by 2.0, the output is 1.5.

Note:

Keep this difference in mind if you are migrating from ArcGIS Desktop to ArcGIS Pro, or you will be working in a mixed environment of both. You can use the // (Integer Division) operator if it is important to maintain the integer output.

Another way to perform the divide operation is a /= b, which is an alternative way to write a = a / b.

If both inputs are single-band rasters, or one of the inputs is a constant, the output will be a single-band raster.

If both inputs are multiband rasters, the operator will perform the operation on each band from one input, and the output will be a multiband raster. The number of bands in each multiband input must be the same.

If one of the inputs is a multiband raster and the other input is a constant, the operator will perform the operation against the constant value for each band in the multiband input, and the output will be a multiband raster.

If both inputs are multidimensional rasters with same number of variables, the operator will perform the operation for all slices with same dimension value, and the output will be a multidimensional raster. The variables in the inputs must have same dimensions or common dimension but no uncommon dimensions.

If both inputs have one variable but different names, set the matchMultidimensionalVariable geoprocessing environment to False to perform the operation.

If one of the inputs is a multidimensional raster and the other input is a constant, the operator will perform the operation for all slices for all variables against the constant value, and the output will be a multidimensional raster.

Parameters

 Operand Explanation Data Type in_raster_or_constant1 The input whose values will be divided by the second input.If the first input is a raster and the second is a scalar, an output raster is created with each input raster value being divided by the scalar value. Raster Layer | Constant in_raster_or_constant2 The input whose values the first input are to be divided by.If the first input is a scalar and the second is a raster, an output raster is created, with each input raster value being divided into the scalar value. Raster Layer | Constant

Code sample

/ (Division) example 1 (Python window)

This sample divides the values of the first input raster by the second.

``````import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outDivide = Raster("degs") / Raster("negs")
outDivide.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outdivide")``````
/ (Division) example 2 (stand-alone script)

This sample divides the values of the first input raster by the second.

``````# Name: Op_Divide_Ex_02.py
# Description: Divides the values of two rasters on a cell-by-cell basis
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inRaster01 = Raster("elevation")
inRaster02 = Raster("landuse")

# Execute Divide
outDivide = inRaster01 / inRaster02

# Save the output
outDivide.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outdivide2")``````