# Cos (Spatial Analyst)

Available with Spatial Analyst license.

Available with Image Analyst license.

## Summary

Calculates the cosine of cells in a raster.

## Usage

• In mathematics, all trigonometric functions have a defined range of valid input values called the domain. The output values from each function also has a defined range. For this tool the following are true:

• The Domain is: -∞ < [in_value] < ∞

• The Range is: -1 ≤ [out_value] ≤ 1

Note that -∞ and ∞ represent the smallest negative and largest positive value supported by the particular raster format, respectively.

• The input values for this tool are interpreted to be in radians. If the input you want to use is in degrees, the values must first be divided by the radians-to-degrees conversion factor of 180/pi, or approximately 57.296.

For further assistance, a procedure to follow and examples of converting input values in degrees to radians are available.

• The output values from this tool are interpreted as unitless.

• Output values are always floating point, regardless of the input data type.

• Due to the range of values, applying a linear stretch renderer can be useful to better see the results.

• If the input is a multiband raster, the output will be a multiband raster. The tool will perform the operation on each band in the input.

• In ArcPy, if the input is a multidimensional raster, all slices from all variables will be processed, and the output will be a multidimensional raster.

• See Analysis environments and Spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply to this tool.

## Parameters

 Label Explanation Data Type Input raster or constant value The input for which to calculate the cosine values.To use a number as an input for this parameter, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. Raster Layer; Constant

### Return Value

 Label Explanation Data Type Output raster The output raster.The values are the cosine of the input values. Raster

`Cos(in_raster_or_constant)`
 Name Explanation Data Type in_raster_or_constant The input for which to calculate the cosine values.To use a number as an input for this parameter, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. Raster Layer; Constant

### Return Value

 Name Explanation Data Type out_raster The output raster.The values are the cosine of the input values. Raster

### Code sample

Cos example 1 (Python window)

This example calculates the cosine of the values in the input Grid raster.

``````import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outCos = Cos("degs")
outCos.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcos")``````
Cos example 2 (stand-alone script)

This example calculates the cosine of the values in the input Grid raster and outputs a TIFF raster.

``````# Name: Cos_Ex_02.py
# Description: Calculates the cosine of cells in a raster
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inRaster = "degs"

# Execute Cos
outCos = Cos(inRaster)

# Save the output
outCos.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outcos.tif")``````

## Licensing information

• Basic: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst
• Standard: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst
• Advanced: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst