# Minus (Spatial Analyst)

## Summary

Subtracts the value of the second input raster from the value of the first input raster on a cell-by-cell basis.

## Usage

• The order of inputs is relevant for this tool.

• If both inputs are integer, the output will be an integer raster; otherwise, it will be a floating-point raster.

• If both inputs are single band rasters or one of the inputs is a constant, the output will be a single band raster.

• If both inputs are multiband rasters, the tool will perform the operation on each band from one input, and the output will be a multiband raster. The number of bands in each multiband input must be the same.

• If one of the inputs is a multiband raster and the other input is a constant, the tool will perform the operation using the constant value for each band in the multiband input, and the output will be a multiband raster.

• In ArcPy, if both inputs are multidimensional rasters with the same number of variables, the tool will perform the operation for all slices with the same dimension value, and the output will be a multidimensional raster. The variables in the inputs must have the same dimensions or common dimension but no uncommon dimensions.

If both inputs have one variable but different names, set the matchMultidimensionalVariable geoprocessing environment to False to perform the operation.

In ArcPy, if one of the inputs is a multidimensional raster and the other input is a constant, the tool will perform the operation for all slices for all variables using the constant value, and the output will be a multidimensional raster.

• In Map Algebra, the equivalent operator symbol for this tool is "-" (link).

• See Analysis environments and Spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply to this tool.

## Parameters

 Label Explanation Data Type Input raster or constant value 1 The input from which to subtract the values in the second input.A number can be used as an input for this parameter, provided a raster is specified for the other parameter. To specify a number for both inputs, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. Raster Layer; Constant Input raster or constant value 2 The input values to subtract from the values in the first input.A number can be used as an input for this parameter, provided a raster is specified for the other parameter. To specify a number for both inputs, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. Raster Layer; Constant

### Return Value

 Label Explanation Data Type Output raster The output raster.The cell values are the result of subtracting the second input from the first. Raster

`Minus(in_raster_or_constant1, in_raster_or_constant2)`
 Name Explanation Data Type in_raster_or_constant1 The input from which to subtract the values in the second input.A number can be used as an input for this parameter, provided a raster is specified for the other parameter. To specify a number for both inputs, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. Raster Layer; Constant in_raster_or_constant2 The input values to subtract from the values in the first input.A number can be used as an input for this parameter, provided a raster is specified for the other parameter. To specify a number for both inputs, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. Raster Layer; Constant

### Return Value

 Name Explanation Data Type out_raster The output raster.The cell values are the result of subtracting the second input from the first. Raster

### Code sample

Minus example 1 (Python window)

This example subtracts the values of the second input raster from the first.

``````import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outMinus = Minus("degs", "negs")
outMinus.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outminus")``````
Minus example 2 (stand-alone script)

This example subtracts the values of the second input raster from the first.

``````# Name: Minus_Ex_02.py
# Description: Subtracts the value of the second input raster from the
#              value of the first input raster on a cell-by-cell basis
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inRaster1 = "degs"
inRaster2 = "negs"

# Execute Minus
outMinus = Minus(inRaster1, inRaster2)

# Save the output
outMinus.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outminus.tif")``````

## Licensing information

• Basic: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst or 3D Analyst
• Standard: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst or 3D Analyst
• Advanced: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst or 3D Analyst