# Square (Spatial Analyst)

## Summary

Calculates the square of the cell values in a raster.

## Usage

• Output values are floating point if the input values are floating point; if the input values are integer, the output values are integer.

• If the input is a multiband raster, the output will be a multiband raster. The tool will perform the operation on each band in the input.

• In ArcPy, if the input is a multidimensional raster, all slices from all variables will be processed, and the output will be a multidimensional raster.

• See Analysis environments and Spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply to this tool.

## Parameters

 Label Explanation Data Type Input raster or constant value The input values to find the square of.To use a number as an input for this parameter, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. Raster Layer; Constant

### Return Value

 Label Explanation Data Type Output raster The output raster.The cell values are the square of the input cell values. Raster

`Square(in_raster_or_constant)`
 Name Explanation Data Type in_raster_or_constant The input values to find the square of.To use a number as an input for this parameter, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. Raster Layer; Constant

### Return Value

 Name Explanation Data Type out_raster The output raster.The cell values are the square of the input cell values. Raster

### Code sample

Square example 1 (Python window)

This example finds the square of the values in the input GRID raster.

``````import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outSquare = Square("degs")
outSquare.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outsq")``````
Square example 2 (stand-alone script)

This example finds the square of the values in the input GRID raster.

``````# Name: Square_Ex_02.py
# Description: Calculates the square of cells in a raster
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inRaster = "degs"

# Execute Square
outSquare = Square(inRaster)

# Save the output
outSquare.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outsquare")``````

## Licensing information

• Basic: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst
• Standard: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst
• Advanced: Requires Spatial Analyst or Image Analyst