Label | Explanation | Data Type |

Input Features
| The layer containing the dependent and independent variables. | Table View |

Dependent Variable
| The numeric field containing the observed values to be modeled. | Field |

Model Type
| Specifies the type of data that will be modeled. - Continuous (Gaussian)— The dependent_variable value is continuous. The Gaussian model will be used, and the tool will perform ordinary least squares regression. This is the default.
- Binary (Logistic)— The dependent_variable value represents presence or absence. This can be either conventional ones and zeroes, or string values mapped to zero or ones in the Match Explanatory Variables parameter. The Logistic regression model will be used.
- Count (Poisson)—The dependent_variable value is discrete and represents events, for example, crime counts, disease incidents, or traffic accidents. The Poisson regression model will be used.
- Continuous (Gaussian)— The Dependent Variable value is continuous. The Gaussian model will be used, and the tool will perform ordinary least squares regression. This is the default.
- Binary (Logistic)— The Dependent Variable value represents presence or absence. This can be either conventional ones and zeroes, or string values mapped to zero or ones in the explanatory_variables_to_match parameter. The Logistic regression model will be used.
- Count (Poisson)—The Dependent Variable value is discrete and represents events, for example, crime counts, disease incidents, or traffic accidents. The Poisson regression model will be used.
| String |

Explanatory Variable(s) | A list of fields representing independent explanatory variables in the regression model. | Field |

Output Features | The name of the feature class that will be created containing the dependent variable estimates and residuals. | Table; Feature Class |

Input Prediction Features (Optional) | A layer containing features representing locations where estimates will be computed. Each feature in this dataset should contain values for all the explanatory variables specified. The dependent variable for these features will be estimated using the model calibrated for the input layer data. | Table View |

Match Explanatory Variables
(Optional) | Matches the explanatory variables in the Input Prediction Features parameter to corresponding explanatory variables from the Input Features parameter. | Value Table |

Map Dependent Variables
(Optional) | Two strings representing the values used to map to 0 (absence) and 1 (presence) for binary regression. By default, 0 and 1 will be used. For example, to predict an arrest with field values of Arrest and No Arrest, enter No Arrest for False Value (0) and Arrest for True Value (1). | Value Table |

Output Predicted Features
(Optional) | The output feature class with the dependent variable estimates for each Input Prediction Features value. | Table; Feature Class |

Output Table of Coefficients
(Optional) | An output table containing the coefficients from the model fit. | Table |

## Summary

Performs generalized linear regression (GLR) to generate predictions or to model a dependent variable in terms of its relationship to a set of explanatory variables. This tool can be used to fit continuous (OLS), binary (logistic), and count (Poisson) models.

## Usage

This tool can be used in two operation modes. You can evaluate the performance of different models as you explore different explanatory variables and tool settings. Once a good model has been found, you can fit the model to a new dataset.

Use the Input Features parameter with a field representing the phenomena you are modeling (the Dependent Variable parameter value) and one or more fields representing the explanatory variables.

The Generalized Linear Regression tool also produces output features and diagnostics. Output feature layers are automatically added to the map with a rendering scheme applied to model residuals. An explanation of each output is provided below.

Ensure that you use the correct Model Type parameter option (Continuous, Binary, or Count) for the analysis to obtain accurate results of the regression analysis.

Model summary results and diagnostics are written to the messages window, and charts will be created below the output feature class. The diagnostics reported depend on the Model Type parameter value. The three model type options are as follows:

- Use the Continuous (Gaussian) model type if the dependent variable can accept a wide range of values such as temperature or total sales. Ideally, the dependent variable will be normally distributed.
Use the Binary (Logistic) model type if the dependent variable can accept one of two possible values, such as success and failure or presence and absence. The field containing the dependent variable must be either a numeric field or a text field. If the field is numeric, it should contain only ones and zeros. If the field is text, it should contain only two distinct values. If you are using a text field, you must use theMap Dependent Variables parameter to map the distinct text values to ones and zeros. There must be variation of the ones and zeros of the distinct text values in the data.

Use the Count (Poisson) model type if the dependent variable is discrete and represents the number of occurrences of an event such as a count of crimes. Count models can also be used if the dependent variable represents a rate and the denominator of the rate is a fixed value such as sales per month or number of people with cancer per 10,000 in the population. In the Count model, it is assumed that the mean and variance of the dependent variable are equal, and the values of the dependent variable cannot be negative or contain decimals.

The Dependent Variable and Explanatory Variable parameter values should be numeric fields containing a range of values. This tool cannot solve when variables have the same values (if all the values for a field are 9.0, for example).

Features with one or more null values or empty string values in prediction or explanatory fields will be excluded from the output. You can modify values using the Calculate Field tool if necessary.

Review the over- and underpredictions evident in the regression residuals to see whether they provide information about potential missing variables from the regression model.

You can use the regression model that has been created to make predictions for other features. Creating these predictions requires that each prediction feature has values for each of the explanatory variables provided. If the field names from the input features and prediction locations parameters do not match, a variable matching the parameter is provided. When matching the explanatory variables, the fields from the Input Features and Input Prediction Features parameters must be of the same type (double fields must be matched with double fields, for example).

You can improve the processing speed of the Generalized Linear Regression tool by doing one or more of the following:

- Set the processing extent for analysis so you only analyze data of interest.
- Don't output a coefficient table.
- Use data that is local to where the analysis is being run.

This geoprocessing tool is powered by Spark. Analysis is completed on your desktop machine using multiple cores in parallel. See Considerations for GeoAnalytics Desktop tools to learn more about running analysis.

When running GeoAnalytics Desktop tools, the analysis is completed on your desktop machine. For optimal performance, data should be available on your desktop. If you are using a hosted feature layer, it is recommended that you use ArcGIS GeoAnalytics Server. If your data isn't local, it will take longer to run a tool. To use your ArcGIS GeoAnalytics Server to perform analysis, see GeoAnalytics Tools.

The GeoAnalytics implementation of GLR has the following limitations:

- It is a global regression model and does not take the spatial distribution of data into account.
- Analysis does not apply Moran's I test on the residuals.
- Feature datasets (points, lines, polygons, and tables) are supported as input; rasters are not supported.
- You cannot classify values into multiple classes.

## Parameters

arcpy.gapro.GeneralizedLinearRegression(input_features, dependent_variable, model_type, explanatory_variables, output_features, {input_features_to_predict}, {explanatory_variables_to_match}, {dependent_variable_mapping}, {output_predicted_features}, {coefficient_table})

Name | Explanation | Data Type |

input_features | The layer containing the dependent and independent variables. | Table View |

dependent_variable | The numeric field containing the observed values to be modeled. | Field |

model_type | Specifies the type of data that will be modeled. - CONTINUOUS— The dependent_variable value is continuous. The Gaussian model will be used, and the tool will perform ordinary least squares regression. This is the default.
- BINARY— The dependent_variable value represents presence or absence. This can be either conventional ones and zeroes, or string values mapped to zero or ones in the Match Explanatory Variables parameter. The Logistic regression model will be used.
- COUNT—The dependent_variable value is discrete and represents events, for example, crime counts, disease incidents, or traffic accidents. The Poisson regression model will be used.
| String |

explanatory_variables [explanatory_variables,...] | A list of fields representing independent explanatory variables in the regression model. | Field |

output_features | The name of the feature class that will be created containing the dependent variable estimates and residuals. | Table; Feature Class |

input_features_to_predict (Optional) | A layer containing features representing locations where estimates will be computed. Each feature in this dataset should contain values for all the explanatory variables specified. The dependent variable for these features will be estimated using the model calibrated for the input layer data. | Table View |

explanatory_variables_to_match [[Field from Prediction Locations, Field from Input Features],...] (Optional) | Matches the explanatory variables in the input_features_to_predict parameter to corresponding explanatory variables from the input_features parameter—for example, [["LandCover2000", "LandCover2010"], ["Income", "PerCapitaIncome"]]. | Value Table |

dependent_variable_mapping [dependent_variable_mapping,...] (Optional) | Two strings representing the values used to map to 0 (absence) and 1 (presence) for binary regression. By default, 0 and 1 will be used. For example, to predict an arrest with field values of Arrest and No Arrest, enter No Arrest for False Value (0) and Arrest for True Value (1). | Value Table |

output_predicted_features (Optional) | The output feature class with the dependent variable estimates for each input_features_to_predict value. The output feature class with the dependent variable estimates for each Input Prediction Features value. | Table; Feature Class |

coefficient_table (Optional) | An output table containing the coefficients from the model fit. | Table |

### Code sample

The following stand-alone script demonstrates how to use the GeneralizedLinearRegression function.

In this script, you create a model and predict if an arrest was made for a crime reporting.

```
# Description: Run GLR on crime data and predict if an arrest was made for a crime reporting.
#
# Requirements: Advanced License
# Import system modules
import arcpy
arcpy.env.workspace = "c:/data/city.gdb"
# Set local variables
trainingDataset = "old_crimes"
predictionDataset = "new_crimes"
outputTrainingName = "training"
outputPredictedName = "predicted"
# Run Generalized Linear Regression
arcpy.geoanalytics.GeneralizedLinearRegression(
trainingData, "ArrestMade", "BINARY", ["CRIME_TYPE", "WARD", "DAY_OF_MONTH"],
outputTrainingName, None, outputPredictedName,
[["CRIME_TYPE", "CRIME_TYPE"], ["WARD", "WARD"], ["DAY_OF_MONTH", "DAY_OF_MON"]],
[["Arrest", "NoArrest"]])
```

## Environments

## Licensing information

- Basic: No
- Standard: No
- Advanced: Yes