Cloud-based virtualization environments are adding and improving the technology required to support ArcGIS Pro. This includes GPU resources—either shared or pass-through—just like on-premises environments. Both Microsoft Azure and AWS support GPU pass-through instances that provide users of ArcGIS Pro with the same user experience as they see on a physical workstation.
The Microsoft Azure and AWS products that have been tested with ArcGIS Pro provide full Windows Desktop environments. An important part of cloud virtualization is using an adequate remote display protocol to deliver the server-generated graphics to the users' endpoint. Both the AWS and Microsoft environments have a solution.
There is also a solution for delivering ArcGIS Pro from the cloud infrastructure to a user with a browser. FRAME, Inc., provides this technology, supported with adequate GPU resources.