There are three ArcGIS Desktop license levels: Basic, Standard, and Advanced. Each successive level adds functionality to the previous level.
The license level applies to the ArcGIS Desktop product as a whole. For example, if you have an ArcGIS Desktop Advanced license, this means that all the component applications (ArcGIS Pro, ArcMap, ArcCatalog, ArcScene, and ArcGlobe) run at the Advanced level.
If you have multiple ArcGIS Desktop licenses, they can be at different levels. For example, you may have two ArcGIS Desktop Advanced licenses, three ArcGIS Desktop Standard licenses, and five ArcGIS Desktop Basic licenses.
ArcGIS Pro can also be purchased separately from ArcGIS Desktop as part of an ArcGIS Online subscription. You can purchase subscription-based licenses at any license level you want because they are independent of your ArcGIS Desktop licenses.
The following tables summarize the general functionality of each license level. For specific geoprocessing tools, the required license level can be found either in the tool's help topic (see the Licensing information section) or in the appropriate toolbox licensing topic. For example, Analysis toolbox licensing shows the required license levels for all analysis tools. Licensing information also indicates whether an extension is needed to use the tool.
Map Creation, Interactive Visualization, and Spatial Analysis
Create interactive maps and scenes from file, database, and online sources.
Visually model and spatially analyze a process or workflow.
Access basic spatial analysis tools for overlay, proximity, and summary.
Access statistical tools for analyzing spatial patterns, clusters, and relationships.
Access extensive automated data management tools.
Run scripting, geoprocessing, and other operations using Python.
Create street-level maps that incorporate GPS locations.
View CAD data or satellite/aerial imagery.
Use charts to visualize categories, relationships, distributions, and changes in your data.
Publish and share maps and projects as packages and services on the web, mobile apps, and social media.
Create, configure, and print page layouts.
Multiuser Editing and Advanced Data Management
Access complete GIS data editing capabilities.
Edit a multiuser enterprise geodatabase.
Use disconnected editing in the field.
Store historical snapshots of your data.
Automate quality control.
Create spatial data from scanned maps.
Manage workflows and job assignments.
Advanced Analysis, High-End Cartography, and Extensive Database Management
Perform advanced GIS data analysis and modeling.
Produce publication-quality maps.
Perform advanced data translation and creation.
Perform advanced feature manipulation and processing.