When you add a raster dataset that does not have pyramids into ArcGIS Pro, you will be prompted to build pyramids. Pyramids are reduced resolution overviews of the data at different scales. Pyramids are useful because they improve the drawing speed for raster datasets displayed at less than their full resolution. It is recommended that you always build pyramids for large raster datasets.
Options on the Build Pyramids Dialog
Click Yes to build pyramids for the raster dataset. This dialog box will not return again for this particular raster dataset since the pyramids will exist.
Click No if you do not want to build pyramids for the raster dataset. Selecting this option means your raster will not be displayed as quickly as it could, and this dialog box will be displayed again if the dataset is added to the application again.
Click Cancel so the raster dataset is not added to the display and the pyramids will not be built. Choose this option if you picked the wrong raster dataset to display, or want to build pyramids using a different method.
Always use this choice
Check this box if you do not want this dialog box to appear again and you want to always make the same choice.
You can choose a different option on the Options > Raster and Imagery > Raster Dataset tab.
Defines how the data will be resampled when building the pyramids.
Defines the method used when compressing the pyramids.
Specifies the compression quality when either JPEG or JPEG_YCbCr compression is chosen. Valid values range from 1 to 100, where a higher number means better image quality but less compression.
When you choose to build the pyramids, they are created for the whole raster dataset, including all the bands, according to the defaults in the application. To change the default settings for building pyramids and displaying this dialog box, see Change the default setting for building pyramids. Optionally, you can use the Build Pyramids and modify the environment settings.
You can build pyramids for each raster dataset within the mosaic dataset, and you can build overviews for a mosaic dataset but only using specific tools in the Mosaic Dataset toolset.