Connect to Snowflake from ArcGIS

To connect to a Snowflake cloud data warehouse, install and configure client files to implement communication between ArcGIS and Snowflake and create database connection files from ArcGIS Pro. To publish web layers, the database connection files must be registered with the ArcGIS Enterprise portal's hosting server site. For best performance, deploy ArcGIS clients and the data warehouse in the same Snowflake cloud environment.

Typically, IT professionals install the ArcGIS software and the drivers required to connect to the data warehouse. They also configure network, firewall, and other communication channels necessary to allow communication between ArcGIS and the cloud data warehouse.

Next, the administrator of the cloud data warehouse creates accounts and grants the accounts privileges to access specific tables in the cloud data warehouse. The administrator can create a connection from ArcGIS Pro to the cloud data warehouse and share the connection file with publishers, or the administrator can provide publishers with the credentials necessary to allow them to create their own connection files.

To publish ArcGIS Server web services that reference data in the cloud data warehouse, publishers must register the database connection file with the ArcGIS GIS Server site that acts as the ArcGIS Enterprise portal's hosting server.

Install and configure drivers

To connect from ArcGIS Pro to Snowflake, you must install the latest Snowflake 64-bit ODBC driver for Microsoft Windows on the ArcGIS Pro machines and configure the driver. To publish a map image layer that contains data from Snowflake, you must install and configure the Snowflake 64-bit ODBC driver on each machine in the ArcGIS Enterprise portal's hosting server site.

Download the Snowflake ODBC driver from the Snowflake website, and install it on all ArcGIS client machines that will connect to Snowflake. Follow instructions provided by Snowflake to install and configure the driver.

Alter the script (Linux only)

If the portal's hosting server runs on Linux machines, you must install the drivers on each machine in the GIS Server site and configure the script on each machine to access the drivers.

Alter the script installed with ArcGIS Server to reference the drivers. You can access this script by browsing to the <ArcGIS Server installation directory>/arcgis/server/usr directory.

  1. Ensure that the ArcGIS Server installation owner on each machine has at least read and execute permissions on the data warehouse client libraries.
  2. Open the script in a text editor.
  3. Remove the comment marks (#) from the lines beginning with export. Replace <Location_to_ODBC_driver_manager_libraries> with the location of the ODBC driver manager on the machine, and replace <> with the location of the Snowflake ODBC driver.

    # Modify this section to configure a connection to Snowflake Data Warehouse
    # -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    export LIB_ODBC_DRIVER_MANAGER=<Location_to_ODBC_driver_manager_libraries>/

  4. Save and close the script.
  5. For the changes you made in the file to take effect, you must restart ArcGIS Server.

    To do this, run the script, then run the script on each machine in the ArcGIS Server site.



Create database connection files

In ArcGIS Pro, use the Database Connection dialog box to create a connection to Snowflake.

  1. Open the Catalog pane in ArcGIS Pro.
  2. Right-click Databases and click New Database Connection.
  3. Choose Snowflake from the Database Platform drop-down menu.
  4. Type the name of the Snowflake account in the Server text box.

    Provide account information in the Server field.

    Type the name in a format similar to

  5. From the Authentication Type drop-down menu, choose one of the following authentication methods:
    • User—Type the username and password for the credentials to use for authentication.

      If you will use the database connection file to publish web layers or use in geoprocessing models, you must check the Save User/Password check box.

      User authenticated connection

    • Browser-based SSO—This authentication method prompts you to provide credentials for authentication each time you connect.

      Do not use this method if you will publish web layers or use the data from this connection in geoprocessing models.

      Browser-based SSO connection

  6. In the Role field, specify the set of permissions to use for the connection.
  7. Choose the database to connect to, or type the name of the database in the Database field.
  8. In the Schema field, type the name of the schema to which you will connect.


    Enabling feature binning and creating a materialized view create objects in the default schema of the connecting user. If you intend to use this functionality, ensure the schema you specify here is one in which the connecting user can create objects.

  9. In the Warehouse text box, provide the name of the compute resources to use for the connection.
  10. Type a name for the connection file in the Connection File Name field.

    As you provide connection information, a default name is created. You can use the default, or type a more descriptive file name.

    This is the name that will appear in the Catalog pane and view, and the name of the .sde file stored on disk.

  11. Optionally, expand the Additional Properties section and specify parameters to connect that are in addition to those required in the previous steps.
    • Token
    • Proxy
    • Tracing
    • LogLevel
    • LogPath

    If you require a property that is not available from the drop-down menu, you can type the property in the Property field and provide the appropriate value for it.

    Read the Snowflake documentation for information about additional and optional connection parameters.

  12. Click OK to create the connection file.

A database connection appears under Databases in the Catalog pane, and a connection file (.sde) is created in the ArcGIS Pro project directory.

Register with the hosting server

To allow ArcGIS Server sites to access the data, use the database connection file you created to add a registered data store in ArcGIS Pro or add a data store item in the portal.

Next steps

After you configure the ArcGIS clients to connect and create a database connection file, you and other organization members can do the following: