Rebuild system table indexes

Available with Standard or Advanced license.

The database uses indexes to quickly identify rows when a client queries the database. Most of the geodatabase system tables have indexes, but the tables that tend to have the greatest amount of change in an enterprise geodatabase that uses traditional versioning and, therefore, require the indexes to be rebuilt most often are the STATES, STATE_LINEAGES, and MVTABLES_MODIFIED system tables. As the geodatabase administrator, you can rebuild the indexes on these tables in enterprise geodatabases using the Rebuild Indexes geoprocessing tool.

In a heavily edited geodatabase that uses traditional versioning, you might update indexes on the STATES, STATE_LINEAGES, and MVTABLES_MODIFIED tables nightly. To do that, create a stand-alone Python script that calls the Rebuild Indexes tool and schedule it to run using Windows Scheduled Tasks or a cron job.

Use the Rebuild Indexes tool

To rebuild indexes on the STATES, STATE_LINEAGES, and MVTABLES_MODIFIED geodatabase system tables using the Rebuild Indexes tool, do the following:

  1. Start ArcGIS Pro and connect to the geodatabase as the geodatabase administrator.
  2. Open the Rebuild Indexes geoprocessing tool.

    This tool can be found in the Geodatabase Administration toolset of the Data Management toolbox.

  3. Use the connection you created in step 1 as the Input Database Connection.
  4. Check the Include System Tables check box.
  5. Uncheck Rebuild Delta Tables Only.
  6. Click Run.

Schedule a Python script

To run the script, you must be able to connect to the geodatabase as the geodatabase administrator. You can either create a connection file (.sde) and point to that from the script or type the connection information directly in the script. Next, schedule the script to run using Microsoft Windows Scheduled Tasks or the Linux cron daemon.

  1. Copy one of the following scripts to a computer where Python and one of the following ArcGIS products are installed:
    • ArcGIS Pro (Desktop Standard or Desktop Advanced)
    • ArcGIS Server

    Alter the scripts with information specific to your site.

    In this example, the sde user connects to a Db2 database:

    # Name:
    # Description: Rebuilds indexes on the states, state_lineages,
    # and mv_tables_modified tables in an enterprise geodatabase
    # in DB2.
    # Import system modules
    import sys
    import arcpy
    import os
    # Provide connection information
    platform = DB2
    instance = db2gdb
    account_authentication = OPERATING_SYSTEM_AUTH | DATABASE_AUTH
    #Leave username and password blank if using OPERATING_SYSTEM_AUTH
    username = sde
    password = gdb_admin_password
    # Set local variables
    if == "nt":
       slashsyntax = "\\"
       if os.environ.get("TEMP") == None:
          temp = "c:\\temp"
          temp = os.environ.get("TEMP")
       slashsyntax = "/"
       if os.environ.get("TMP") == None:
          temp = "/usr/tmp"
          temp = os.environ.get("TMP")
    Connection_File_Name = temp + slashsyntax + "connection.sde"
    # Check for the .sde file and delete it if present
    if os.path.exists(Connection_File_Name):
    #Variable defined within the script; other variable options commented out at the end of the line
    print ("Creating Database Connection File...")
    # Create Database Connection File
    # Usage: out_folder_path, out_name, database_platform, instance, account_authentication, username, password, save_user_pass
    arcpy.CreateDatabaseConnectionFile_management(temp, "connection.sde", platform, instance, account_authentication, username, password, saveUserInfo)
    # Rebuild indexes on system tables
    arcpy.RebuildIndexes_management(Connection_File_Name, "SYSTEM", "", "ALL")
    print ("Rebuild Complete")
  2. After you alter the script to contain your connection information, schedule the script to run at a specific time each night.
    • On Windows, open Scheduled Tasks from the Control Panel and use the wizard to add a scheduled task. When asked what program to run, browse to your Python script.
    • For an ArcGIS Server installation on Linux, create a cron text file that contains information on the day and time you want the script to run, and load the file into cron using the crontab program.

      For example, the following information sets the Python script (named to run every Wednesday at 10:00 p.m.:

      0 22 * * 3 /usr/bin/

      See the Linux man pages provided with your Linux installation for information on using cron.