Terminology used in ArcGIS IPS

Available for an ArcGIS organization licensed with the IPS extension.

The following are common terms used in ArcGIS IPS:

ArcGIS IPS Setup

ArcGIS IPS Setup is a mobile app (Android and iOS) that collects reference radio signals in the space where IPS is being deployed. It can also be used on-site to test the positioning accuracy of the indoor positioning system.


A (Bluetooth) beacon is a small radio device emitting Bluetooth radio signals at a constant time interval. It is uniquely identified in a network by three properties: UUID, Major, and Minor. These values are encoded, together with other information, in the packages transmitted by the beacon.

BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy)

BLE is a variation of the Bluetooth wireless standard designed for low power consumption.

Indoor positioning file

The indoor positioning file is a file database containing reference radio data in an indoor environment. It is generated using the Generate Indoor Positioning File tool and is used by the IPS Engine to compute indoor positions.

IPS (indoor positioning system)

IPS is a technology based on a network of devices (usually BLE or Wi-Fi) used to locate people or objects indoors, where other localization sources such as GPS lack precision or fail entirely.

IPS Engine

IPS Engine is responsible for computing the user’s indoor position. It is a component of the ArcGIS Maps SDKs and consumes mobile sensor data and positioning infrastructure signals. Read more about the technical aspects and how to use it.

Path snapping

Path snapping uses parts of the ArcGIS Indoors network dataset or manually created pathways that conform to the required schema to optimize real-time positioning in the ArcGIS IPS Setup app and other IPS-enabled apps.


A survey is the process of collecting reference radio data (BLE or Wi-Fi) at an indoor site for the purpose of setting up IPS. This involves creating multiple survey recordings using the ArcGIS IPS Setup app and uploading the recordings to an editable feature service in your ArcGIS organization. A survey can be performed by a site owner, managers, GIS technicians, Esri implementation consultants, or a combination of all.

Survey point (ground truth point)

A survey point, also known as a ground truth point, is a known location in an indoor space that has been confirmed in the ArcGIS IPS Setup app during the survey process.

Survey recording

A set of reference data created using the ArcGIS IPS Setup app, which includes a record of travel trajectories, ground truth points, and locations with their corresponding geocoordinates, time, and signal strength, as well as the device’s internal sensor data collected by traveling through (a portion of) a site. Usually, multiple recordings must be created to enable IPS throughout an entire site.