The Summarize Data toolset contains tools that calculate total counts, lengths, areas, and basic descriptive statistics of features and their attributes within areas or near other features.
Uses a layer of point features and a layer of polygon features to determine which points fall within each polygon's area. After determining this point-in-polygon spatial relationship, statistics about all points in the polygon are calculated and assigned to the area.
Finds features that are within a specified distance of features in the input layer.
Finds the point, line, or polygon features (or portions of these features) that are within the boundaries of polygons in another layer.