These tools analyze distance and proximity.
The Use Proximity tools allow you to perform analysis that accounts for either straight-line (Euclidean) or weighted distance. Distance can be weighted by a simple cost (friction) surface, or in ways that account for vertical and horizontal restrictions to movement.
Distance analysis can also be performed with the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension.
These tools are available when you have an active ArcGIS Enterprise portal that has an Image Server configured for Raster Analysis. To access and run the tools, you must have spatial analysis privileges. The tools will not work if your active portal is ArcGIS Online.
These tools can be accessed from either the Analysis ribbon or the Geoprocessing pane's Portal tab.
Calculates accumulated distance for each cell to sources, allowing for straight-line distance, cost distance, and true surface distance, as well as vertical and horizontal cost factors.
Calculates distance allocation for each cell to the provided sources based on straight-line distance, cost distance, and true surface distance, as well as vertical and horizontal cost factors.
Calculates the optimal path from a source to a destination as a line.
Calculates the optimal path from a source to a destination as a raster.
Calculates the optimal connection of paths between two or more input regions.
In ArcGIS Pro 2.6 and later, the recommended tools for distance analysis are those listed in the table above. In versions earlier than ArcGIS Pro 2.6, distance analysis was performed using other tools; these tools are still available in the Use Proximity (Legacy) toolset.