Построение маршрута

Доступно с лицензией Location Referencing.

Routes are created in an LRS Network using centerline features that define the location and geometry of a route.

The centerline features used to create routes can exist in the centerline feature class, be digitized into the centerline feature class (using aerial photography or other basemaps for guidance), be copied and pasted from other feature classes, or be imported from CAD files or other ArcGIS-supported data sources.

Примечание:
  • При редактировании сети, поддерживающей линии, с новым маршрутом создается также новая линия
  • The centerline and network feature classes must be present on the map to run this tool.
  • An additional attribute table appears in the Create Route pane if your network feature class has extra fields. You can type a route name here if your network is configured to use a user-generated route ID.
  • При создании маршрутов соблюдаются правила калибровки промежутков.
  1. Add the centerline and network feature class to a map.

    You can also open a map in which the centerline and network feature class are already present.

    Примечание:

    The information model expects only one centerline at any given location. Ensure that the centerlines used for your edit do not overlap other centerlines in your LRS.

    Примечание:

    Traditionally versioned networks must be edited through a direct connection to the geodatabase. Branch-versioned networks, including any network configured with a user-generated route ID, must be edited through a feature service.

  2. Zoom in to the location where you want to create the route.

    The centerline features for the route must exist in the centerline feature class before creating the route.

    Идентификация маршрута, добавляемого к сети.
  3. On the Location Referencing tab, in the Routes group, click Create Создать.
    Location Referencing tab with the Create button highlighted

    The Create Route pane appears with the Select By Rectangle option Выбрать прямоугольником as the default.

  4. Use your mouse to select one or more centerlines by rectangle at the location of the new route.

    You can also click the Select one or more centerlines drop-down arrow to choose one of the remaining selection tools: Select By Polygon Select by Polygon, Select By Lasso Select by Lasso, Select By Circle Select by Circle, Select By Line Select by Line, or Select By Trace Выбрать трассировкой.

    Alternatively, you can use the interactive selection tools on the Map tab on the ArcGIS Pro ribbon:

    The selected centerlines are highlighted on the map and the Allow choosing of one or more centerlines button Разрешить выбор одной или нескольких центральных линий appears in the Create Route pane. The Selected Centerlines count is shown above the table.

    Примечание:
    Выбор центральной линии на карте
  5. Click the Allow choosing of one or more centerlines button Разрешить выбор одной или нескольких центральных линий.

    A table appears in the Create Route pane with each chosen centerline in a numbered row that corresponds to the selection order. Chosen centerlines are numbered on the map and highlighted. The Chosen Centerlines count is shown below the table.

    Create Route pane with attributes table
  6. Optionally, change the centerline selection order by choosing one or more rows from the Order column and using the buttons below the table. You can also drag rows into the desired order.

    Changes in the table selection order are also shown on the map.

    Tools available in the centerlines table

    ToolTool nameTool description
    Разрешить выбор одной или нескольких центральных линий

    Allow choosing one or more centerlines

    Allows you to choose the centerlines on the map and displays them in a table by order of selection. Use the move buttons below the table or drag rows to reorder the chosen centerlines.

    Очистить выбранные центральные линии

    Clear the currently chosen centerlines

    Clears the chosen centerlines and keeps the selected centerlines. You can reselect after clicking this button or click the Allow choosing one or more centerlines button a second time.

    Переместить выбранные центральные линии выше

    Move chosen centerlines up

    Moves one or more selected centerlines up a row in the table order.

    Переместить выбранные центральные линии наверх

    Move chosen centerlines to the top

    Moves one or more centerlines to the top of the table order.

    Переместить выбранные центральные линии ниже

    Move chosen centerlines down

    Moves one or more centerlines down a row in the table order.

    Переместить выбранные центральные линии вниз

    Move chosen centerlines to the bottom

    Moves one or more centerlines to the bottom of the table order.

    Перевернуть направление центральных линий

    Flip the direction of the centerlines

    Reverses the direction of the chosen centerlines.

    Удалить выбранные центральные линии

    Remove the chosen centerlines

    Removes the chosen centerline from the table order but leaves it selected.

    Подсказка:

    To change the display field shown in the centerlines table, right-click the centerline feature class in the Contents pane and choose Properties from the context menu. On the Layer Properties dialog box, click the Display tab, and click the Display field drop-down arrow to change its value. In the previous image, the display field is OBJECTID.

  7. Выберите Сеть, в которую следует добавить маршрут.
    Примечание:

    To edit using feature services, the LRS Network must be published with the linear referencing and version management capabilities.

  8. Вы можете создать маршрут на новой или существующей линии.
    • Чтобы создать маршрут на новой линии, введите новую линию в текстовое окно Имя линии.
    • Чтобы создать маршрут на существующей линии, введите имя существующей линии или используйте кнопку Выбрать линию на карте Выбрать линию на карте, чтобы выбрать существующую линию на карте.
  9. Укажите Имя маршрута

    Имя маршрута должно быть уникальным в выбранной сети.

  10. Если вы создаете маршрут в сети, поддерживающей линии, введите Имя линии.

    Имя линии должно быть уникальным в выбранной сети.

  11. Click the Calendar button Календарь next to Start Date to choose a start date for the route.
    Подсказка:

    You can also double-click the Start Date text box to automatically populate it with today's date, or type a date in the Start Date text box.

  12. Type a value in the From Measure text box. The default is 0.000.

    If you don't know the From Measure value, you can do the following to calculate one by subtracting the geometrical length of the centerline from the To Measure value:

    1. Type a value in the To Measure text box.
    2. Click the Recalculate From Measure button Пересчитать от измерения next to the From Measure text box.
  13. Update the To Measure value if necessary.
    Примечание:

    The To Measure value is automatically populated with the geometric length of the chosen centerline by default.

    Примечание:

    Для линейной сети измерения могут быть введены как значения пикетов в формате 00 + 00.00 или 00 + 00.000.

    If you don't know the To Measure value, you can do the following to allow Location Referencing to calculate one by calculating the count of the To Measure value and From Measure value:

    1. Update the From Measure value if necessary.
    2. Click the Recalculate To Measure button Пересчитать к измерению next to the To Measure text box.
  14. Fill in additional field attributes in the network feature class as necessary.

    The attribute fields in the Create Route pane support coded value and range domains. This is helpful when you want to limit attribute values to a predefined list or range of values.

  15. Щелкните Запустить.
    Примечание:

    If your route edit will result in the introduction of one or more physical gaps on the route, a prompt appears to alert you before the tool is run. If you didn't plan to create a gapped route, answer No and edit your digitized centerlines so that no gaps result during route editing.

    If the route being edited already had one or more physical gaps, and no additional physical gaps were introduced by the edit, no prompt will appear.

    You can prevent unplanned centerlines by enabling snapping in the active map, or by enabling snapping using the Edit tab, Snapping group, Snapping button По замыканию.

    You can disable this warning by unchecking Warn before allowing route edits that can create physical gaps in Location Referencing options.

    Подсказка:

    Click Identify Routes Идентифицировать маршруты on the Location Referencing tab and select the new route on the map to view details about it.

    Вновь созданный маршрут со значениями начального и конечного измерений
    Подсказка:

    Вы можете сохранить выбранные центральные линии после построения маршрута. Этот вариант особенно полезен, если вы создаете маршрут в сети инженерных станций и хотите создать еще один маршрут для непрерывной сети с использованием тех же осевых линий, и наоборот. Подробнее см. раздел Задание опций Location Referencing.

Complex route creation scenarios

The following sections provide examples of complex route creation, including loop, lollipop, branch, alpha, barbell, and infinity routes:

Create a loop route

In the following example, four centerlines (CL1, CL2, CL3, and CL4) are used to create a loop route:

Example 1: Four centerlines are used to create a loop route

Calibration points are added at the start of the loop (0), end of the loop (10), and at a third (3.33) and two-thirds of the loop (6.67).

Example 1: The output is a loop route with four calibration points

Create a lollipop route

In the following example, two centerlines (CL1, CL2) are used to create a lollipop route:

Example 1: Two centerlines are used to create a lollipop route

RouteX is created with calibration points at the start of the stick portion (0), the end of the loop portion (12), and at a third (5.33) and two-thirds of the loop portion (8.67).

Example 1: A lollipop route is created with four calibration points

In the second example, two centerlines (CL1, CL2) with different directions compared to the example above are used to create a lollipop route.

Example 2: Two centerlines are used to create a lollipop route

RouteX is created with calibration points at the start of the loop portion (0), at a third (3.33) and two-thirds of the loop portion (6.67), and in the stick portion (12) at the end of the lollipop.

Example 2: A lollipop route is created with four calibration points

Create a branch route

In the following example, two centerlines (CL1, CL2) are used to create a branch route:

Example 1: Two centerlines are used to create a branch route

RouteX is created with calibration points at the start of the branch, the end of the branch, and at the start and end of an imaginary branch edge.

Example 1: A branch route is created with four calibration points

In the second example, two centerlines (CL1, CL2) are used to create a branch route.

Example 2: Two centerlines are used to create a branch route

RouteX is created with calibration points at the start of the branch, the end of the branch, and at the start and end of an imaginary branch edge.

Example 2: A branch route is created with four calibration points

Create an alpha route

In the following example, three centerlines (CL1, CL2, CL3) are used to create an alpha route:

Example 1: Three centerlines are used to create an alpha route

RouteX is created with calibration points at the start (0) and end (16) of the alpha portion, and at a third (6.33) and two-thirds (9.67) of the loop portion.

Example 1: An alpha route is created with four calibration points

Create a barbell route

In the following example, three centerlines (CL1, CL2, CL3) are used to create a barbell route:

Example 1: Three centerlines are used to create a barbell route

RouteX is created with calibration points at the start (0) and end (18) of the barbell, and at a third (2.67 and 12.67) and two-thirds (5.33 and 15.33) of each loop portion.

Example 1: A barbell route is created with six calibration points

Create an infinity route that starts and ends at an intersection

In the following example, one centerline (CL1) is used to create an infinity loop route that starts and ends at an intersection:

Example 1: One centerline is used to create an infinity route

RouteX is created with calibration points at the start (0) and end (20) of the infinity route, and at a third (3.33 and 13.33) and two-thirds (6.67 and 16.67) of each loop portion.

Example 2: One centerline is used to create an infinity route

In the following example, one centerline (CL1) is used to create an infinity loop that starts and ends on a loop:

Example 2: One centerline is used to create an infinity route

RouteX is created with calibration points at the start (0) and end (10) of the infinity route, and at the middle (1.25 and 8.75) of every path in the primary loop, and at a third (4.17) and two-thirds (5.83) of the secondary loop.

Example 2: An infinity route is created with six calibration points

Маршрут в наборе данных Utility Network

У осевых линий (слой трубопроводов), участвующих в создании маршрута в наборе данных Utility Network, должны быть свои поля измерения "От" и измерения "До", заполненные значениями измерений.

Примечание:

Используйте инструмент Настроить класс объектов инженерной сети, чтобы связать слой трубопроводов, и инструмент Обновить измерения из LRS, чтобы заполнить значения измерений.

При использовании нескольких осевых линий у совпадающих точек объектов осевых линий должны быть одинаковые измерения. Измерение "От" и измерение "До" заполняются с использованием этих значений измерений.

В следующем примере соответствующие точки осевых линий совпадают. Измерение "До" CL1 совпадает с измерением "От" CL2 (14). В такой ситуации маршрут может быть создан.

Пример 1: До

RouteX создается из CL1 и CL2. Калибровочные точки создаются на концах осевых линий.

Пример 1: После

В следующем примере соответствующие точки осевых линий не совпадают. Измерение "До" CL1 не совпадает с измерением "От" CL2 (16, 14). В такой ситуации маршрут создать нельзя.

Пример 2: измерения не совпадают, и маршрут не создается.

В следующем примере соответствующие точки осевых линий совпадают, но измерения "От" и "До" CL2 одинаковы (19). Маршрут не может быть создан, потому что он будет немонотонным.

Пример 3: запрошенный маршрут будет немонотонным, поэтому он не создается.