# Calculate Fields (multiple) (Data Management)

## Summary

Calculates the values of fields for a feature class, feature layer, or raster.

## Usage

• When used with a selected set of features, such as those created from a query in Make Feature Layer or Select Layer By Attribute, this tool will only update the selected records.

• Existing field values will be overwritten. Make a copy of the input table if you want to preserve the original values.

• For Python calculations, field names must be enclosed in exclamation points (!fieldname!).

For Arcade calculations, field names must be prefixed with \$feature. (\$feature.fieldname).

• To calculate strings to text or character fields, on the dialog box, the string must use double quotation marks ("string"), or in scripting, the string using double quotation marks must also be encapsulated in single quotation marks ('"string"').

• To calculate a field to be a numeric value, enter the numeric value in the Expression parameter; no quotation marks around the value are required.

• The Code Block parameter allows you to create complex expressions. You can enter the code block directly on the dialog box or as a continuous string in scripting. The expression and code block are connected. The code block must relate back to the expression; the result of the code block should be passed into the expression.

The Code Block parameter is only supported for Python expressions.

• The Python math module and formatting are available for use in the Code Block parameter. You can import additional modules. The math module provides number-theoretic and representation functions, power and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions, angular conversion functions, hyperbolic functions, and mathematical constants. To learn more about the math module, see the Python help.

• Python expressions can be created using properties from the Geometry object including type, extent, centroid, firstPoint, lastPoint, area, length, isMultipart, and partCount (for example, !shape.area!).

• Python expressions can use the geometry area and length properties with an areal or linear unit to convert the value to a different unit of measure (for example, !shape.length@kilometers!). If the data is stored in a geographic coordinate system and a linear unit is supplied (for example, miles), the length will be calculated using a geodesic algorithm. Using areal units on geographic data will yield questionable results as decimal degrees are not consistent across the globe.

• Areal unit of measure keywords:
• ACRES | ARES | HECTARES | SQUARECENTIMETERS | SQUAREDECIMETERS | SQUAREINCHES | SQUAREFEET | SQUAREKILOMETERS | SQUAREMETERS | SQUAREMILES | SQUAREMILLIMETERS | SQUAREYARDS | SQUAREMAPUNITS | UNKNOWN
• Linear unit of measure keywords:
• CENTIMETERS | DECIMALDEGREES | DECIMETERS | FEET | INCHES | KILOMETERS | METERS | MILES | MILLIMETERS | NAUTICALMILES | POINTS | UNKNOWN | YARDS
• Python expressions can be used to calculate the geodesic area or length of a feature using geodesicArea or geodesicLength properties combined with areal or linear units of measure (for example, !shape.geodesicArea@hectares! or !shape.geodesicLength@miles!).

• When calculating joined data, you cannot directly calculate the joined columns. However, you can directly calculate the columns of the origin table. To calculate the joined data, you must first add the joined tables or layers to the map. You can then perform calculations on this data separately. These changes will be reflected in the joined columns.

• Python expressions that attempt to concatenate string fields that include a null, or divide by zero, will return a null for that field value.

• SQL expressions were implemented to support faster calculations for feature services. Instead of performing calculations one feature or row at a time, a single request is set to the feature service, resulting in significantly faster calculations.

Only feature services support SQL expressions. For other formats, use Python or Arcade expressions.

## Syntax

`CalculateFields(in_table, expression_type, fields, {code_block})`

#### Derived Output

 Name Explanation Data Type out_table The update tables. Table View; Raster Layer; Mosaic Layer

## Code sample

CalculateFields example 1 (Python window)

The following Python window script demonstrates how to use the CalculateFields function in immediate mode with the Python expression type.

``````import arcpy
arcpy.env.workspace = "C:/data/airport.gdb"
arcpy.CalculateFields_management("parcels", "PYTHON3",
[["xCentroid", "!SHAPE.CENTROID.X!"],
["yCentroid", "!SHAPE.CENTROID.Y!"]])``````
CalculateFields example 2 (Python window)

The following Python window script demonstrates how to use the CalculateFields function in immediate mode with the SQL expression type.

``````import arcpy
arcpy.CalculateFields_management("<a feature service url>", "SQL",
[["ceiling_field", "CEILING(field1)"],
["floor_field", "FLOOR(field1)"]])``````
CalculateFields example 3 (Python window)

The following Python window script demonstrates how to use the CalculateFields function in immediate mode with the Arcade expression type.

``````import arcpy
arcpy.env.workspace = "C:/data/airport.gdb"
arcpy.CalculateFields_management(
[["max_value", "Max(\$feature.field1, \$feature.field2)"],
["min_value", "Min(\$feature.field1, \$feature.field2)"]])``````

## Licensing information

• Basic: Yes
• Standard: Yes