# RadiusVariable

Available with Spatial Analyst license.

## Summary

Defines a variable search radius by specifing a maximum distance and the number of points for analysis. If the number of points cannot be satisfied within that maximum distance, a smaller number of points will be used.

## Discussion

Tools that use radius objects: Kriging and IDW.

## Syntax

` RadiusVariable ({numberOfPoints}, {maxDistance})`
 Parameter Explanation Data Type numberOfPoints The numberOfPoints is an integer value specifying the number of nearest input sample points to be used to perform the interpolation. (The default value is 12) Long maxDistance The maxDistance specifies the distance, in map units, by which to limit the search for the nearest input sample points. The default value is the length of the extent's diagonal. If the number of points cannot be satisfied within that distance, a smaller number of points will be used. Double

## Properties

 Property Explanation Data Type numberOfPoints(Read and Write) The numberOfPoints is an integer value specifying the number of nearest input sample points to be used to perform the interpolation. Long maxDistance(Read and Write) The maxDistance specifies the distance, in map units, by which to limit the search for the nearest input sample points. If the number of points cannot be satisfied within that distance, a smaller number of points will be used. Double

## Code sample

RadiusVariable example 1 (Python window)

Demonstrates how to create a RadiusVariable class and use it in the Kriging tool within the Python window.

``````import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
myRadius = RadiusVariable(12)
outKriging = Kriging("ca_ozone_pts.shp", "ELEVATION", "SPHERICAL", 2000, myRadius, "C:/sapyexamples/output/krigvpradiusv")
outKriging.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/krigradvar")``````
RadiusVariable example 2 (stand-alone script)

Calculates a surface with the Idw interpolation tool using the RadiusVariable class.

``````# Name: RadiusVariable_Ex_02.py
# Description: Uses the RadiusVariable object to execute IDW tool.
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension

# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *

# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"

# Set local variables
inFeature = "ca_ozone_pts.shp"

# Create the Radius Variable
numberOfPoints = 5
maxDistance = 200000
searchRadius = RadiusVariable(numberOfPoints, maxDistance)

# Execute IDW
outIDWRadVar = Idw(inFeature, "elevation", 2000, 3, searchRadius)

# Save the output
outIDWRadVar.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/idwradvar")``````