Available with Spatial Analyst license.
A suitability model is used to identify the best location to site things or areas to preserve. For example, you can use a suitability model to determine the best location to build a shopping center, housing development, or ski resort. You can also use it to find the best areas for parks, endangered wildlife habitat, or flood control.
Determining the best locations to site or preserve is based on the features at each location, for example, the slope, how far it is from a road or stream, and land use type. These features are the criteria. Through transforming and weighting the criteria, a suitability map is created. The suitability map identifies the relative preference of each location based on the features at the location.
Once the suitability map is created, the spatial requirements for the best areas to site or preserve are defined. These spatial requirements can include the total area needed, the number of areas required, and the allowable size and distance between the areas. The optimal areas or regions meeting these spatial requirements are derived from the suitability map.
The Suitability Modeler is an interactive, exploratory environment for creating and evaluating a suitability model and is available with an ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension license. It is accessed through the Analysis tab in ArcGIS Pro.
In general, constructing a suitability model is a nonlinear, iterative process. The Suitability Modeler provides analytical feedback at each stage of the suitability modeling process and allows seamless back and forth movement between each stage of the model development. What you learn in one stage of the process may influence decisions you make in another.
You can do the following with the Suitability Modeler:
- Create a suitability model in an intuitive, integrated framework.
- Make informed decisions when selecting model parameters with the immediate feedback provided by the interaction between charts, panes, and maps.
- Explore how the input criteria and specified parameters affect the final suitability map and the areas identified for the siting or preservation.
Because of the exploratory and interactive nature of the Suitability Modeler, you can justify each step of your modelling process. As a result, you will be more confident in the model output leading to better decisions.
Start with The general suitability modeling workflow to learn the general steps for creating a suitability model.
See Implement the suitability modeling workflow using the Suitability Modeler to walk through the workflow for creating a simple suitability model.
Learn more about the Suitability modeling framework.