Label | Explanation | Data Type |

Input Features | The polygon features to be smoothed. | Feature Layer |

Output Feature Class | The output polygon feature class to be created. | Feature Class |

Smoothing Algorithm | Specifies the smoothing algorithm. - Polynomial Approximation with Exponential Kernel (PAEK) — This is the acronym for Polynomial Approximation with Exponential Kernel. A smoothed polygon that will not pass through the input polygon vertices will be calculated. This is the default.
- Bezier interpolation — Bezier curves will be fitted between vertices. The resulting polygons pass through the vertices of the input polygons. This algorithm does not require a tolerance. Bezier curves will be approximated in the output.
| String |

Smoothing Tolerance | A tolerance used by the Polynomial Approximation with Exponential Kernel (PAEK) algorithm. A tolerance must be specified, and it must be greater than zero. You can choose a preferred unit; the default is the feature unit. This parameter is unavailable when the Bezier interpolation algorithm is used. | Linear Unit |

Preserve endpoint for rings (Optional) | This is a legacy parameter that is no longer used. It was formerly used to specify whether the endpoint of an isolated polygon ring would be preserved. This parameter is still included in the tool's syntax for compatibility in scripts and models but is hidden from the tool's dialog box. Specifies whether the endpoints of isolated polygon rings will be preserved. This option works with the PAEK algorithm only. - Checked—The endpoint of an isolated polygon ring will be preserved. This is the default.
- Unchecked—The endpoint of an isolated polygon ring will not be preserved; it will be smoothed.
| Boolean |

Handling Topological Errors (Optional) | Specifies how topological errors (possibly introduced in the process, such as line crossing or overlapping) will be handled. - Do not check for topological errors — Topological errors will not be identified. This is the default.
- Check and flag topological errors — If topological errors are found, they will be flagged.
- Resolve topological errors —If topological errors are found, they will be resolved.
| String |

Input Barrier Layers
(Optional) | Inputs containing features that will act as barriers for smoothing. The resulting smoothed polygons will not touch or cross barrier features. | Feature Layer |

## Summary

Smooths sharp angles in polygon outlines to improve aesthetic or cartographic quality.

Learn more about how the Smooth Line and Smooth Polygon tools work.

## Illustration

## Usage

There are two smoothing methods available:

- The Polynomial Approximation with Exponential Kernel (PAEK) method (PAEK in Python) smooths polygons based on a smoothing tolerance. Each smoothed polygon may have more vertices than its source polygon. The Smoothing Tolerance parameter controls the length of a moving path used in calculating the new vertices. The shorter the length, the more detail that will be preserved and the longer the processing time.
- The Bezier interpolation method (BEZIER_INTERPOLATION in Python) smooths polygons without using a tolerance by creating approximated Bezier curves to match the input polygons.

Use the Input barrier layers parameter to identify features that must not be crossed by smoothed polygons. Barrier features can be points, lines, or polygons.

Processing large datasets may exceed memory limitations. In such cases, consider processing input data by partition by identifying a relevant polygon feature class in the Cartographic Partitions environment setting. Portions of the data, defined by partition boundaries, will be processed sequentially. The resulting feature class will be seamless and consistent at partition edges. See Generalizing large datasets using partitions for more information.

##### Caution:

The Cartographic Partitions environment setting is ignored when the Handling Topological Errors parameter is set to Do not check for topological errors (error_option = "NO_CHECK" in Python) or Flag topological errors (error_option = "FLAG_ERRORS" in Python).

Domains and subtypes are copied to the output even if the Transfer field domain, subtypes, and attributes rules environment is unchecked.

The output polygon feature class is topologically correct. Any topological errors in the input data are flagged in the output polygon feature class. The output feature class includes two additional fields, InPoly_FID and SmoPgnFlag, that contain the input feature IDs and topological errors of the input, respectively. A SmoPgnFlag value of 1 indicates that a topological error is present; a value of 0 (zero) indicates that no errors are present.

##### Legacy:

Prior to the ArcGIS Pro 2.2 version of this tool, the Preserve endpoint for rings (endpoint_option in Python) parameter was used to specify whether the endpoint of a resulting isolated polygon ring would be preserved. This parameter is still included in the tool's syntax for compatibility in scripts and models but is now ignored and hidden on the tool's dialog box.

## Parameters

arcpy.cartography.SmoothPolygon(in_features, out_feature_class, algorithm, tolerance, {endpoint_option}, {error_option}, {in_barriers})

Name | Explanation | Data Type |

in_features | The polygon features to be smoothed. | Feature Layer |

out_feature_class | The output polygon feature class to be created. | Feature Class |

algorithm | Specifies the smoothing algorithm. - PAEK —This is the acronym for Polynomial Approximation with Exponential Kernel. A smoothed polygon that will not pass through the input polygon vertices will be calculated. This is the default.
- BEZIER_INTERPOLATION —Bezier curves will be fitted between vertices. The resulting polygons pass through the vertices of the input polygons. This algorithm does not require a tolerance. Bezier curves will be approximated in the output.
| String |

tolerance | Sets a tolerance used by the PAEK algorithm. A tolerance must be specified, and it must be greater than zero. You can choose a preferred unit; the default is the feature unit. You must enter a 0 as a placeholder when using the BEZIER_INTERPOLATION smoothing algorithm. | Linear Unit |

endpoint_option (Optional) | This is a legacy parameter that is no longer used. It was formerly used to specify whether the endpoint of an isolated polygon ring would be preserved. This parameter is still included in the tool's syntax for compatibility in scripts and models but is hidden from the tool's dialog box. Specifies whether the endpoints of isolated polygon rings will be preserved. This option works with the PAEK algorithm only. - FIXED_ENDPOINT —The endpoint of an isolated polygon ring will be preserved. This is the default.
- NO_FIXED —The endpoint of an isolated polygon ring will not be preserved; it will be smoothed.
| Boolean |

error_option (Optional) | Specifies how topological errors (possibly introduced in the process, such as line crossing or overlapping) will be handled. - NO_CHECK —Topological errors will not be identified. This is the default.
- FLAG_ERRORS —If topological errors are found, they will be flagged.
- RESOLVE_ERRORS —If topological errors are found, they will be resolved.
| String |

in_barriers [in_barriers,...] (Optional) | Inputs containing features that will act as barriers for smoothing. The resulting smoothed polygons will not touch or cross barrier features. | Feature Layer |

### Code sample

The following Python window script demonstrates how to use the SmoothPolygon function in immediate mode.

```
import arcpy
import arcpy.cartography as CA
arcpy.env.workspace = "C:/data"
CA.SmoothPolygon("soils.shp", "C:/output/output.gdb/smoothed_soils", "PAEK", 100)
```

The following stand-alone script demonstrates how to use the SmoothPolygon function.

```
# Name: SmoothPolygon_Example2.py
# Description: Eliminate small islands before simplifying and smoothing lake boundaries
# Import system modules
import arcpy
import arcpy.cartography as CA
import arcpy.management as DM
# Set environment settings
arcpy.env.workspace = "C:/data/Portland.gdb/Hydrography"
# Set local variables
inLakeFeatures = "lakes"
barriers = "C:/data/Portland.gdb/Structures/buildings"
eliminatedFeatures = "C:/data/PortlandOutput.gdb/lakes_eliminated"
simplifiedFeatures = "C:/data/PortlandOutput.gdb/lakes_simplified"
smoothedFeatures = "C:/data/PortlandOutput.gdb/lakes_smoothed"
# Eliminate small islands in lake polygons.
DM.EliminatePolygonPart(inLakeFeatures, eliminatedFeatures, 100, "OR", 0,
"CONTAINED_ONLY")
# Simplify lake polygons.
CA.SimplifyPolygon(eliminatedFeatures, simplifiedFeatures, "POINT_REMOVE", 50,
200, "RESOLVE_ERRORS", "KEEP_COLLAPSED_POINTS", barriers)
# Smooth lake polygons.
CA.SmoothPolygon(simplifiedFeatures, smoothedFeatures, "PAEK", 100, "",
"FLAG_ERRORS", barriers)
```

## Environments

## Licensing information

- Basic: No
- Standard: Yes
- Advanced: Yes