Available for an ArcGIS organization licensed with the Indoors extension.
You can use several geoprocessing tools to create the network dataset. The tools in the Indoors Network toolset use a lattice-based approach to automate the creation of network pathways inside facilities.
The general workflow is outlined in the following steps:
- Create the indoor network dataset.
- Generate preliminary pathways.
Use the Generate Indoor Pathways tool to generate pathways on levels of facilities. This tool uses the Units and Details feature classes in the ArcGIS Indoors Information Model to denote boundaries where pathways cannot traverse.
- Generate floor transitions.
Use the Generate Floor Transitions tool to connect pathways between levels in facilities at stairways, elevators, and escalators to allow network routing between levels.
- Thin preliminary pathways.
Use the Thin Indoor Pathways tool to create thinned and connected pathways between routable locations and floor transitions.
- Create landmark points.
For your indoor network to support turn-by-turn routing directions, you must add point features that represent landmarks that the turn-by-turn directions can reference.
- Rank pathways.
Use the Classify Indoor Pathways tool to prioritize pathways in hallways and open areas where routes should proceed before routing through offices, conference rooms, or similar areas.
- Connect facilities.
The Indoors tools do not connect facilities in the network. To support routing between facilities, you must connect the facilities in the network using ArcGIS Pro feature editing tools.
- Create the final network dataset.
- Optionally, add travel modes.
The network dataset template included in the ArcGIS Indoors product installation includes walking and wheelchair accessible travel modes. You can create additional travel modes for use in Indoor Viewer and the Indoors mobile apps.
Generate preliminary pathways
The Generate Indoor Pathways tool allows you to create a lattice of preliminary pathways that extend into every walkable space inside a facility. The pathways are then cut where walls or other navigation obstructions exist. The lattice density is determined by the narrowest doorway in your facility so that pathways can extend into every walkable space. To improve the performance of the network dataset and to reduce its complexity and size, make the lattice no denser than necessary to reach all walkable spaces in your facilities.
The Generate Indoor Pathways tool attempts to align the lattice of pathways with the primary direction of travel in each facility. If the pathway features don't align with underlying spaces, you can set a custom lattice rotation value.
- Run the Generate Indoor Pathways tool.
The PrelimPathways layer is added to the current map. Quality control processes should be run on the map; use the following steps to use the range slider to validate the map.
- Add the PrelimPathways layer to the range slider.
If you haven't enabled the range slider, use the Vertical Order attribute (change the filtering mode to Single Value on the Range tab) to filter the network pathways by level.
- Verify the following:
- Generated pathways extend into all rooms and are not cut by doorways.
- The orientation of the generated pathways aligns well with the orientation of the underlying units.
- If necessary, change the Lattice Rotation or Lattice Density and rerun the Generate Indoor Pathways tool.
If you are processing multiple facilities, manually connecting a few disconnected rooms may be faster than rerunning the tool on the full dataset. To ensure that all required attribute and z-information is preserved, copy existing generated pathways from the current level to connect disconnected rooms.
Generate floor transitions
Floor transitions are network features that connect levels together using vertical 3D lines that represent features such as elevators, stairs, or escalators.
If you have more than one level in your facility, you need 3D floor transition line features (vertical 3D lines for elevators and inclined 3D lines for stairs or escalators), which connect to and from each level's pathways.
In the following image, end vertices for transition line features snap to the next transition and the pathway vertices. If the level elevations are consistent, you can duplicate a single floor transition vertically as many times as needed.
The Generate Floor Transitions tool automates the creation of vertical transition features. If you want floor transitions that are not vertical lines, such as stairs, those features must be manually updated after generation.
You can optionally add an elevator delay to the network. The tool splits the pathways intersecting with the elevator space polygon and adds the custom delay to them. The delay is used in the network dataset to calculate the routing time.
This capability is available with version 2.5 and later of the Indoors geodatabase. It is available with the indoor network dataset in ArcGIS Pro 2.8 and later.
Create vertical lines by following these steps:
- Run the Generate Floor Transitions tool.
The input parameters can be sourced from the indoor dataset (created by the Create Indoor Dataset tool) and indoor network dataset (created by the Create Indoor Network Dataset tool) or from an Indoors geodatabase (created by the Create Indoor Database tool).
- Add the output transitions features to a 3D scene.
If you haven't already, enable the range slider and use the Vertical Order attribute to filter the output pathways in the map so you can view just the features on a given level.
- Inspect the output transitions.
- Vertical transition features should be present where expected.
- Transition endpoints should connect to pathway feature nodes.
- Address issues identified during inspection.
- If a transition is missing, copy and paste an existing transition feature and move the copied feature as needed. This workflow ensures all required attribute and z-information is preserved.
- If a transition endpoint is not connected to a pathway, enable endpoint snapping and edit the transition's endpoint vertex so it snaps to a pathway endpoint vertex.
Manually update stairway features
After generating new transitions for a facility, you can edit the vertical transitions that represent stairways (as well as escalators and ramps) so the transitions follow the path a pedestrian would take, moving upward at an angle and horizontally across any landings. This can improve route length and travel time calculations, as well as provide a more realistic 3D display.
To make the edits, modify the transition feature's vertices. For example, if a stairway has a landing, you can add new vertices to represent the landing, move them to the appropriate x- and y- coordinates, and edit their z-values to position the new vertices halfway between levels.
You can use the range slider to more easily see and work with the transitions.
- Select the transition feature you want to update.
- Move the transition feature's lower end vertex to where the lower end of the stairway is located and snap the vertex to the nearest pathway feature on the lower level.
- Move the feature's upper end vertex to where the upper end of the stairway is located and snap the vertex to the nearest pathway feature on the upper level.
- If there is a landing midway along the transition, add new vertices to the transition and position the new vertices where the landing is located.
When working in a 3D scene, you may find it easier to move each new vertex to a specific coordinate location.
- Verify that the transition is still connected to pathways at both ends.
- Verify that the transition's endpoint vertex z-values match the corresponding level's pathways z-values.
- Repeat steps 1 through 6 for each transition you want to update.
- When all transitions are updated, run the Calculate Geometry Attributes tool with the Property parameter set to Length (3D).
This calculates the Length 3D attribute for correct travel time along the updated transition features.
Thin the network
The Thin Indoor Pathways tool calculates routes between selected Routable Location points or polygons to thin the preliminary pathway network. Features used as routable locations must come from one of the following:
- A point or polygon feature layer or feature class from an indoor dataset
- A point or polygon feature layer or feature class from an Indoors geodatabase
- A point or polygon feature layer or feature class that is configured as floor-aware
- A point or polygon feature layer or feature class with a LEVEL_ID field that associates the feature to the level on which it is located
The thinning process uses the PrelimPathways feature class as a layer to navigate across and from each routable location, calculates routes to its closest neighbors, moves to the next routable location, and calculates routes again. Once routes are calculated for all routable locations on each level of a facility, these calculated route lines are dissolved and simplified. The output of this tool is used when creating the final network dataset.
- Ensure that the Routable Location point and polygon features are from a layer that is configured as floor-aware or that conforms to the Indoors model.
To connect the indoor networks of multiple facilities together, use the Generate Facility Entryways tool to create points for every exterior doorway on each level. Including these entry points as routable locations in the Thin Indoor Pathways tool allows you to snap the line from an outdoor (for example, sidewalk) walking network to an indoor network.
- Run the Thin Indoor Pathways tool.
- Inspect the output and verify the following:
- Pathway features extend to routable locations as expected.
- Pathway features are properly attributed.
- Transition features are connected to expected levels.
- Transition features snap to pathway features on connecting levels.
Create landmark point features
You can use landmark point features when creating directions to provide callouts for an enhanced experience. You can create landmarks before or after the network dataset has been created and update them as needed without re-creating the network dataset. Any landmark within 4 meters of a route is identified in the directions, so it is important to choose landmarks that are relatively sparse and easily recognizable.
Landmark points are typically generated from existing features that were used to generate the pathways. You can also manually create individual landmark points.
Follow these steps to create landmark points from an existing feature class:
You can classify the network dataset to prioritize pathways for routing. When calculating a route using a hierarchical network, primary pathways are preferred, while secondary pathways are only used if necessary to reach a destination. This restricts routes that may otherwise take the shortest path through a space that is in use (for example, a conference room with two doors).
You can rank pathways by running the Classify Indoor Pathways tool. This tool splits and ranks pathway features as secondary based on the selected unit spaces.
Add pathways features between facilities
To route between multiple facilities on a campus, you must create outdoor pathway features manually to connect indoor networks. Pathways are created using the Create Features pane. To snap to an existing network, add the Pathways feature class to your map.
If the range slider is enabled, set it to display the ground floor.
- On the Edit tab in the Features group, click Create .
The Create Features pane opens, listing the feature templates defined for the active map.
- In the Create Features pane, click the Pathways feature template.
The Pathways template expands, showing the tool palette.
- On the Pathways template, click Active Template .
The tool palette and the feature attribute table for the Pathways template appear.
- In the attribute table, set Pathway Type to Hallway / Sidewalk (1).
- In the Create Features pane, click Line to create a line feature.
- Click a vertex intersection on an existing pathway feature at the doorway of the facility to start the outdoor feature. Add vertices as needed to draw features between facilities.
- Snap to that feature if entryways points have been created in the PointsOfInterest feature class.
- Add vertices as needed to draw features between facilities.
- Create the endpoint of the line at a vertex intersection of the existing pathway feature at the doorway of the second facility.
- Snap to that feature if entryway points have been created in the PointsOfInterest feature class.
- Save your edits.
Create the final indoor network dataset
The final indoor network dataset, created from the thinned and ranked network, can be used for indoor routing. Create and build the final network dataset by following these steps:
- Run the Create Network Dataset From Template tool to create the network dataset.
Use the FinalNetworkTemplate_Meters.xml file included with the ArcGIS Pro installation as your template. The template is located in the <installation location>\Program Files\ArcGIS\Pro\Resources\Indoors\NetworkTemplates folder.
- Run the Build Network tool and browse to the Network_ND network dataset created using the Create Network from Template tool.
Add travel modes
The network dataset template included in the Indoors product installation includes walking and wheelchair accessible travel modes. You can optionally create additional travel modes with supporting network data based on your organization's needs. All travel modes defined in the network are available for use in Indoor Viewer and the Indoors mobile apps. The Indoors mobile apps display a unique icon for travel modes that have specific names.